01 December, 2018

Vitamins and Their Deficiency Diseases

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Vitamins and Their Deficiency Diseases

Vitamin is an organic chemical compound and it is an essential nutrient. Vitamins play important role in normalizing human body. Different vitamins have different roles and they are needed in different quantities.

Vitamins prevent deficiency and promote the healthy body. This article is enough to prepare vitamins topic for competitive exams.

Vitamins and Their Deficiency Diseases

S.NoVitaminsFunctionsDeficiency DiseasesNatural Sources
1A RetinolHelps to build healthy eyes. Helps healing of infections. Helps for bone development.Night blindnessCarrots, Yams, Pumpkins, Yellow or Orange Fruits, Beet greens, Fish, Eggs etc.
2B1 ThiamineHelps in carbohydrate meta boilsm and energy production, normal nerve function.BeriberiBrewer’s Yeast, Whole Grain, Rice bran, Fresh peas, Poultry, Oatmeal, Legumes, Dried Soybean, Sunflower Seeds etc.
3B2 RiboflavinHelps in production of energy from food and formation of red blood cells.AriboflavinosisCheese, Lamb, Milk, Mushroom, Spinach, Leafy green vegetables, Almonds etc.
4B3 Niacin or Nicotinic AcidHelps promote healthy skin, Assist in realease of energy from carbohydrates.PellagraCarrots, Dates, Egg, Fish, Tuna, Chicken, Turkey, Mushrooms , Bacon, Broccoli, Veal etc.
5B5 Pantothenic AcidHelps realease energy from foods, Required for synthesis of many substances.Acne, ParesthesiaLean meat, Chicken Liver, Legumes, Sunflower Seeds, Whole grain cereals, Fish, Corn etc.
6B6 Pyridoxine, Pyridoxal, PyridoxamineEssential for protein metaboism and nervous system function. Participate synthesis of hormaones and red blood cellsDandruff-like eruptions, Pink eye, EpilepsyWhole grain breads, chicken, Fish, Beef Liver, Potatoes, Fruit (other than citrus) etc.
7B7or H BiotinAssists in metaboism of carbohydrates and synthesis of fats and proteins.Growth and Neurological Disorders in InfantsRaw Egg Yolk, Legumes, Nuts, Liver, Peanuts, Yeast, Whole-wheat Bread, Cheddar Cheese, Pork etc.
8B9 Folic AcidEssential for red blood cells formation and synthesis of DNA and protein.Macrocytic Anaemia, Birth DefectsDark Leafy Greens like Spinach, Asparagus, Broccoli, Citrus Fruits, Beans, Peas, Lentils, Avocados etc.
9B12 CyanocobalaminHelps maintain healthy nervous system, helps breakdown fatty acids.Macrocytic Anaemia, Memory Loss, Pernicious Anaemia, Mania, Psychosis, ParalysisSeafood, Beef, Chicken, Eggs etc.
10C L-Ascorbic AcidRequired for formation of connective tissue, bones and teeth.ScurvyAmla, Guava, Chillis, Kiwi, Broccoli, Orange, Papaya, Lemon, etc.
11D Calciferol (D2) & Cholecalciferol (D3)Aids in normal bone growth and tooth function.Rickets, OsteomalaciaSunlight, Mushrooms, Alfalfa, Fish Liver Oils, Cooked Egg Yolk, etc.
12E Tochopherols & TocotrienolsAs anantioxidant it protects body body cells and helps maintain normal red blood cells.Red Blood Cell Destruction, Ataxia, Retinopathy, Peripheral Neuropathy, Reproductive FailureWheat Germ Oil, Canola Oil, Sunflower Oil, Almond Oil, Hazelnuts, Peanuts etc.
13K Phylloquinone (K1), Menaquinone (K2)Essential in blood clotting process.Lack of Clotting of Blood, Lack of Tissue RenewalGreen Leafy Vegetables etc.

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Rajashekar KankanalaRajashekarKankanala
Tuts Raja
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