08 June, 2018

10 Types of Prepositions with Examples







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Types of prepositions

What is Preposition?

The preposition is one of the important parts of speech in English grammar. It is very essential while making a sentence. It provides additional and necessary details.

Prepositions words giving information to the readers, such as where something takes place when something takes place, why something takes place, general descriptive information etc.

Note: Prepositions work in the group of words and do not stand alone. Group of words is also called prepositional phrases.


List of Preposition Words:

There are hundreds of prepositions. We use Preposition to show the relationship between noun and pronoun in the sentences. We always use the preposition before a noun or pronoun to show the relation between noun and pronoun in the sentences.

List of preposition words are After, without, since, down, by, beyond, with, until, like, across, underneath, under, toward, at, along, to, among, before, around, outside, into, inside, behind, near, of, opposite, onto, on, off, in, from, for, except, during, within, upon, up, through, between, besides, beside, beneath, below, against, above, out, till, between, next to, of, by, above, over, with, to, at, down, on, in, out etc

Let’s see the example with an explanation.

My class teacher laughed. (This is a correct sentence,but does not provide much detail about the situation without a preposition word)

My class teacher laughed at the joke.

It is a box for rice.(Preposition word is showing the relationship between box and rice)

I saw a cat under the table. (Preposition word is showing the relationship between cat and table)

A preposition shows where, when or how the action took place in a sentence. Let’s see a few examples because what explains better than an example.

E.g.
  • The dog was sleeping on the table
  • I and my sister lives in Chicago
  • She looked at the window
  • The program will be held on 21st of November
  • He was waiting for you
  • Who is knocking at the door?
  • She came by bus
  • The glass is on the table.
  • Roland is very fond of ice-cream.
  • The mouse jumped off the table.
  • The paper plane flew above the ground.
  • Christine danced with Christopher.
  • I wake up every day in the morning at 7:30 am.

Types of Prepositions:

Prepositions show the relationship between the noun, pronouns, and other words. Answering questions about where, when and how? Now the Prepositions are multi-faceted. One can use them in different situations.

Let’s see, types of Prepositions According to Functionality:

  1. Prepositions of Time
  2. Prepositions of Place
  3. Prepositions of Movement
  4. Prepositions of Direction
  5. Prepositions of Manner
  6. Prepositions of Measure
  7. Prepositions of Source
  8. Prepositions of Possession
  9. Prepositions of Agent or Instrument
  10. Prepositions of Instruments, devices or Machines

1. Prepositions of Time:

Prepositions of time are used to indicate the time of an action or relationship of time between nouns in the sentence.

Preposition words are at, to, in, Since, For, During etc. These prepositions denote time in the sentence and used for time of different natures.

E.g.
  • We are traveling abroad in the summertime.
  • Why don’t you come home on Sunday evening?
  • The home-coming is on the 7th September.
  • My mom gifted me a puppy on my birthday.
  • We gathered in the assembly hall at 7 o’ clock.
  • I go to school day at nine o’clock.
  • My result gets declared in March.
  • He was born in 1965.
  • She will go to China on 21st of April.
  • The concert will start at 9 O’clock.
  • She gets up early in the morning.
  • We worked a lot in the summer.
  • The president will deliver the speech to the public on Independence Day.
  • He received a lot of gifts on his birthday.
  • Where were you at the lunchtime?
  • I will call you at 11 A.M.
  • I was studying in the morning.
  • She was born on 5th of July.
  • I will reach there at 6 o’clock.

2. Prepositions of Place:

Prepositions of place are used to show the place where something is located. Prepositions in, on, at are usually used for different places. These prepositions are used to illustrate the location of nouns or pronouns in a sentence.

Prepositions of place words are at, in, on, while, during, near, over, under, between, behind, near etc.

E.g.
  • The dog is on the floor.
  • My home is near the office.
  • My home is behind the metro station.
  • Mom is in the room
  • She lives in China.
  • Students study in the library.
  • The wedding ceremony will be held in the hall.
  • There are some pens on the table.
  • The teacher wrote sentences on the blackboard.
  • He was flying kite on the roof.
  • Her parents were waiting for her at the entrance of the school.
  • There was a huge gathering at the bus stop.
  • His house is at the end of the street.
  • There’s a painting on the wall.
  • There’s a rod at the roof edge.
  • There’s a mouse under my chair.
  • Let’s get under the umbrella as it’s starting to drizzle.
  • There’s a key-holder behind the door.
  • The cat is on the tree.
  • John lives near his workplace.
  • He is in his room.

Note: On is used for the surface. At is used for the specific place.

3. Prepositions of Movement:

These are used to describe the movement of one noun or pronoun towards another noun or pronoun.

Prepositions of movement words are to, into, towards, through etc.

E.g.
  • I went to the bookstore.
  • The swimmer jumped into the pool.
  • The dog was coming towards him.

4. Prepositions of Direction:

Prepositions of direction are used to indicate the direction of someone or something in the sentence. These prepositions are used to illustrate the direction of nouns or pronouns in a sentence.

Prepositions of direction words are over, under, to, on, into, in, onto, right, left, between, behind, near etc.

E.g.
  • It's time to go to
  • The train is going into the tunnel.
  • We are going over the bridge.
  • They went to the college.
  • He jumped into the river.
  • He saw someone coming towards him.
  • She dived into the river.
  • All students walked towards the assembly hall.

5. Prepositions of Manner:

Prepositions of manner words are applied to describe the way or means by which something happened or happens when used in a sentence.

Prepositions of manner words are On, In, With, By, Like etc

E.g.
  • He goes to work by train came there in a taxi.
  • The boy speaks like an old man.

6. Prepositions of Measure:

Prepositions of measure words are applied to connect the quantity of the noun with the noun itself when used in a sentence.

Prepositions of measure words are of, by etc.

E.g.
  • I bought a pound of cheese today.
  • One-third of the students were present in the class.
  • This shop sells cloth by the yard.

7. Prepositions of Source:

Prepositions of source are applied, when it is needed to convey that one noun or pronoun has originated from another noun or pronoun in the sentence.

Prepositions of source words are from, by etc.

E.g.
  • The Earth receives light from the Sun.
  • This poem is written by me.
  • He did the help from gratitude.

8. Prepositions of Possession:

Prepositions of possession words are used, when it is required to indicate noun or pronoun or owns another noun or pronoun in the sentence.

Prepositions of possession words are in, with, of etc.

E.g.
  • I met the boy with red hair today.
  • The old man had no money with him.
  • My friend’s father is a man of wealth.

9. Prepositions of Agent or Instrument:

Prepositions of agent or instrument words are applied to indicate that an action conducted on a noun is caused by another noun when used in a sentence.

We use Preposition of the agent to show that something causes another thing in the sentence. These prepositions act as an agent between a noun and usually a verb.

Prepositions of agent or instrument words are by, with etc

E.g.
  • This book is written by him.
  • The work was completed by them.
  • The room was decorated by us.
  • The glass is filled with water.
  • Harry Potter was written by J.K Rowling.
  • Some schools are accredited by CBSE board.
  • She was hit by a car while she was going to school.
  • Hanah graduated with an honors degree.
  • This poem was written by Milton.
  • I opened my closet with a key.
  • She is writing with her blue pen.

10. Prepositions of Instruments, devices or Machines:

These prepositions connect instruments, machines or devices in the sentence. Prepositions can be used in many situations in many ways.

The different preposition is used by different devices, instruments or machines.

Prepositions of instrument, devices or machines words are by, with, on etc.

E.g.
  • She came to the wedding party by train.
  • I made a hole in the wall with the help of a drill for the waste-pipe.
  • My brother opened the lock with a hairpin.
  • The car is on the road.
  • She comes by bus daily.
  • He opened the lock with key.

Note: Prepositions don’t translate from one language to the other. Prepositions and their use vary across languages. Some Prepositions are used after verbs to make the prepositional verb. e.g. look at, look after, laugh at, Smile at etc


Other Types of Prepositions:

Explanation of preposition usage is tricky but not many rules. We have learned, Prepositions are words that connect nouns/pronouns/phrases.

  1. Simple Prepositions
  2. Compound Prepositions
  3. Double Prepositions
  4. Participle Prepositions

1. Simple Prepositions:

Simple prepositions are used in the simple sentences. Some of the simple prepositions are listed below paragraph.

Simple prepositions words are in, on, at, about, over, under, off, of, for, to, by, from, in, into, out, till, up, upon, with, down etc.

The simple prepositions are short words, which are used in simple sentences.

E.g.
  • She sat on the sofa.
  • He is going to the market.
  • He fell off the ladder.
  • There is some water in the bottle.
  • She is about seven.
  • They sat around the table.
  • The cat was hiding under the bed.
  • I am not coming with you.
  • She is in the park.
  • We are going to the market
  • She dived into the water.
  • The Pakistani players were genius from the beginning of the tournament.
  • I am not going with her.
  • She is waiting in the park.
  • Dad is going to the market.
  • I am from New Jersey.
  • The moon does not shine by its own light.
  • The whale dived into the water creating a massive splash.
  • I am from New Jersey.
  • My niece is suffering from flu.
  • I am working hard at Geography.

2. Compound Prepositions:

Compound prepositions are used to join two nouns, pronouns or phrases. These prepositions are made by prefixing the preposition to a noun, an adjective or an adverb.

Compound prepositions are formed by adding the prepositions. These are added to the front of an adverb, a noun, or an adjective. Compound prepositions words are without, within, inside, outside, into, beneath, below, behind, between, above, around, along, across, about, beside, beyond, outside, within, without, amongst, amidst, along, without etc.

E.g.
  • There is something strange about him.
  • The cat is jumping around the seat.
  • The car pulled along the driveway.
  • Our dog stayed outside our home in his kennel.
  • The children ran around the bench.
  • There is a friendly mouse inside my cupboard.
  • Her beauty is beyond imagination.
  • Once upon a time, there was a brave princess.
  • I will finish the lunch before
  • I want to know about priya
  • He fell into the river.
  • She sat between her kids.
  • He sat beside her.
  • There is nothing inside the jar.
  • The teacher stood behind the desk.
  • The boy ran across the road.

3. Double Prepositions:

The Double prepositionis words having two prepositions. Prepositions are joined together to connect nouns, pronouns, and phases with other words in a sentence. It creates the new one by joining two prepositions.

When two prepositions are used together, they are called Double Prepositions. Sometimes a Compound Preposition is formed by joining two words. Double Prepositions are always two separate words.

Double prepositions words are out of, from behind, from beneath, up to, next to, because of, according to, into, onto, outside of, out of, within etc.

E.g.
  • Nobody outside of this class should know about the plan.
  • According to the news reporter, the weather will be cloudy today.
  • Next to skiing my favorite sport is skating.
  • We need to solve three questions out of ten.
  • Zeal is something that comes from within a person.

4. Participle Preposition:

A participle preposition is a participle, which acts as a preposition. Participle words end with -ed or -ing verb.

Participle preposition words are provided, respected, regarding, during, pending, not withstanding, concerning, given, barring, considering, assuming.

E.g.
  • I get sick during the summer season.
  • I would like to speak regarding healthy food.
  • My project work is still pending.
  • I think I can pass the exam easily considering my hard work.

Additional Information:

Adjectives with Preposition

Adjectives with Preposition means adjectives used with preposition. Specific adjective and preposition words are used together to make a certain meaning.

Adjective preposition words are based on, ready for, aware of, attached to, pleased with, opposed to, responsible for, addicted to, answerable to, annoyed with, anxious about, happy about/for, afraid of, identical with/to, similar to etc

E.g.

I am so excited about it! (excited and about go together).

Prepositional Verb:

A combination of a verb and a preposition is called prepositional verb. A verb followed by a preposition.

Some verbs need particular prepositions to be used after them in sentences having a direct object. Such a verb with its required preposition is called a prepositional phrase.

If a word is used as a preposition, it will have a noun or pronoun as its object. Some words can be used as an adverb. Adverbs, on the other hand, do not have objects. Prepositional verb words are used to modify a verb, adjective or another adverb.

Preposition and Object in a Sentence:

  • She sat in the armchair. (In – preposition; object - armchair)
  • Please come in. (In – adverb; no object)
  • He stood before me. (Before – preposition; object – me)
  • I have seen him before. (Before – adverb; no object)
  • She put the book on the table. (On – preposition; object – the table)
  • Let’s move on. (On – adverb; no object)
  • He will return after a month. (After – preposition; object – a month)
  • He came soon after. (After – adverb; no object)

Note: Prepositional Phrase = Verb + Preposition


Types of Prepositions - English Language Quiz

Rajashekar KankanalaRajashekarKankanala
Tuts Raja
NTR Colony
Hyderabad,Telangana,500087India
9110760272
http://www.tutsraja.com/

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