08 August, 2019

Civilian Awards in India







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Civilian Awards in India

Award

An award is given to a person, a group of people, or an organization in recognition of their excellence in a certain field.

Award is recognition given in honor of an achievement in any field. Prize or Certificate is given for doing something well.

1. Bharat Ratna:

Bharatha Ratna

It is the most prestigious and highest civilian award in India. The award is given in recognition of exceptional service/performance of the highest order without distinction of race, occupation, position, or sex.

Bharat Ratna award was earlier conferred for performance in categories like arts, science and literature. In Dec 2011 government of India changed the criteria for nomination as any field of human Endeavour.

The recommendation for nomination is made by Prime Minister of India and is sent to President. President is the final authority to select the winner out of maximum 3 recommendations/suggestions given by Prime Minister.

In a special ceremony held in April 1958, Dhondo Keshav Karve was awarded on his 100th birthday. Dhondo Karve was famous social activist and reformer. He was popularly known as Maharishi Karve. Queen’s road in Mumbai was renamed to Dhondo Keshav Karve.

Lal Bahadur Shastri was the first person to be awarded posthumously. Jawaharlal Nehru and Indira Gandhi were the only Prime Ministers who recommended their own names for this award.

The bharat ratna awarded to one naturalized citizen i.e. mother Teresa. The bharat ratna awarded to two non Indians, Pakistan national khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan and former South African President Nelson Mandela.

Important Points:
  • Front: An image of the Sun along with the words Bharat Ratna, inscribed in Devanagari script, on a peepal (Ficus religiosa) leaf.
  • Back: A platinum State Emblem of India placed in the centre with the national motto, Satyameva Jayate (Truth alone triumphs) in Devanagari script.
  • Established: The award was started by former President of India Rajendra Prasad on 2nd January, 1954.
  • Presented by: President of India
  • Benefits: No cash or monetary benefits.
  • First Awarded: C. Rajagopalachari, Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, C.V.Raman in 1954
  • Total Awards: 48 till 2019

Padma Awards

Padma awards are given in three types.

  • 1. Padma vibhushan
  • Padma bhushan
  • Padma shri

Padma awards are one of the highest civilian honors of India announced annually on the eve of the republic.The recommendations for Padma Awards are received from the State Governments/Union Territory Administrations, Central Ministries/Departments, Institutions of Excellence, etc. which are considered by the Awards Committee.

On the basis of the recommendations of the Awards Committee, and after approval of the Home Minister, Prime Minister and President.

However, Government servants including those working with PSUs, except doctors and scientists, are not eligible for these Awards. The Padma Awards Committee is constituted by the Prime Minister every year.

The total number of awards to be given in a year (excluding posthumous awards and to foreigners) should not be more than 120.

He Awards are announced on 26th January every year and are presented by the President of India in an awards presentation ceremony held at Rashtrapati Bhavan. The ceremony is generally held in the month of March/April.

The award does not amount to a title and cannot be used as a suffix or prefix to the awardees’ name on letterheads, invitation cards, posters, books etc. In the case of any misuse, the awardees will forfeit the award.

No cash allowance or any facility/benefit in terms of concession etc. in rail/air travel is attached to these awards. Padma Awards are given for exceptional and distinguished service in any field including service rendered by Government servants. Presidential Notification issued on January 8, 1955 for padma awards.

On its observe the words padma meaning lotus in Sanskrit and shri a Sanskrit derived honorific equivalent to mr or ms. The award seeks to recognize achievements in all fields of activities or disciplines where an element of republic service is involved.

The award announced every year on republic day but excepted years 1977, 1980, 1993, and 1997. The padma awards do not include any benefits i.e. cash allowances, special concessions in rail or air travel. This includes any such use on letterheads, invitation cards, posters, books etc.

2. Padma vibhushan:

Padma vibhushan

It is the 2nd highest civilian award of the republic of India. The award is given for exceptional and distinguished service without distinction of race, occupation or position or sex.

The award is given in any field including government servants including doctors and scientists but excluding those working with the public sector understanding.

Important Points:
  • Previous name(s) : Padma Vibhushan "Pahla Varg" (Class I)
  • Established : 1954
  • Front: A centrally located lotus flower is embossed and the text "Padma" written in Devanagari script is placed above and the text "Vibhushan" is placed below the lotus.
  • Back: A platinum Emblem of India placed in the centre with the national motto of India, "Satyameva Jayate" (Truth alone triumphs) in Devanagari Script
  • First awarded: Satyendra Nath Bose, Nandalal Bose, Zakir Husain
  • Total awarded: 307

3. Padma Bhushan:

Padma bhushan

It is the 3rd highest civilian award in India. the award is given for distinguished service of a high order without distinction of race occupation, position, or sex. As of 2018 the award has been conferred on 1240 individuals, including 10 posthumous and 94 non citizen recipients.

Important Points:
  • Previous name(s) : Padma Vibhushan "Dusra Warg" (Class II)
  • Front: A centrally located lotus flower is embossed and the text "Padma" written in Devanagari script is placed above and the text "Bhushan" is placed below the lotus.
  • Back: A platinum India placed in the centre with the national motto of India, "Satyameva Jayate" (Truth alone triumphs) in Devanagari Script
  • Established: on 2 January 1954.
  • First Awarded: Homi Jahangir Bhabha, Shanti Swaroop Bhatnagar, Mahadeva Iyer Ganapati
  • Total Awards: 94

4. Padma Shri:

Padma shri

It is the fourth highest civilian award. It recognizes the contribution of Indian citizens in various spheres of activity including arts, education, industry, literature, science, sports, social service and public life.

In 1960s mg ramachandran refused to accept the award in hindi. A centrally located lotus flower is embossed and the text padma written in devanagari script is placed above and the text shri is placed below the lotus.

Important Points:
  • Front: A centrally located lotus flower is embossed and the text Padma written in Devanagari script is placed above and the text shri is placed below the lotus.
  • Back: A platinum Emblem of India placed in the centre with the national motto of India, Satyameva Jayate (Truth alone triumphs) in Devanagari Script
  • Previous name(s) : Padma Vibhushan "Tisra Warg"
  • Established:1954
  • First awarded: Asha Devi Aryanayakam, Bir Bhan Bhatia. Perin Captain
  • Total awarded: 2840

Remember Awards with Order

Trick 1: Counting Characters.

Bharath Ratna - You can remember easily
Padma Vibhushan - 14
Padma Bhushan - 12
Padma Shri - 9
Remember - Decending oder numbers.

Trick 2: Story

Bharath Ratna - Ra
Padma Vibhushan - Vi
Padma Bhushan - bhu
Padma Shri - sh

Remember - Ravi Bhush

Rajashekar KankanalaRajashekarKankanala
Tuts Raja
NTR Colony
Hyderabad,Telangana,500087India
9110760272
http://www.tutsraja.com/

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