Rajashekar KankanalaRajashekarKankanalaTuts RajaNTR ColonyHyderabad, Telangana,500087India9110760272//www.tutsraja.com/

17 August, 2018

The Eight Parts of Speech - English Grammar

Parts of Speech

Parts of Speech:

The English grammar is mainly based on parts of speech. In the English language we have 8 parts of speech. The main parts of speech are noun, pronoun, adjective, determiner, verb, adverb, preposition, conjunction, and interjection.

1. Noun:

A noun is a word which names a person, place, animal, action, quality, feeling or anything.

Noun words are Geeta, girl, team, silver, India etc.

E.g.
  • Geeta is a good girl.
  • I love India.

Read More: 10 Types of Nouns with Examples in English Language

2. Pronoun:

The pronoun is an advancement of a noun, which is used instead of a noun.

Pronoun words are I, we, you, she, it, they, me, us, her, him, mine, myself, ourself, yourself, herself, itself, ours, yours, hers, theirs.

E.g.
  • She is my sister
  • They are my friends

Read More: 10 Types of Pronouns with Examples

3. Verb:

The verb is a word, which expresses an action.

Verb words are eating, doing, cooking, fighting, working etc.

E.g.
  • She sings a song
  • Raju is eating.

Read More: 10 Types of Verb Forms with Examples

4. Adverb:

An adverb is a word, which enlarges the meaning of a verb.

Adverb words are now, immediately, already, now, here, somewhere, there, anywhere, bravely, sweetly, slowly, intelligently, very, almost, loud, enough, so fast, twice, late, always, never, then, as fast as, most.

E.g.
  • He walks quickly
  • I can go anywhere in the world.

Read More: 11 Types of Adverbs with Example

5. Adjective:

The adjective is a word which enlarges the meaning of the noun.

Adjective words are innocent, good, some, half, sufficient, much, two, any number, many, few, many, anyone, that, those, which, what.

E.g.
  • She is a beautiful girl.
  • Priya is an innocent girl.

Read More: 13 Types of Adjectives with Examples

6. Prepositions:

The prepositions are placed before a noun or pronoun show relation between noun and pronoun.

Proposition words are on, in, to, of, for, with, by, form, up, down, at, though, till, about, behind, without, above, across, within, besides, between, inside, outside, before, against, into, out of, thought out, without, within, upon.

E.g.
  • The book is on the table.
  • Check instructions before filling an application.

Read More: 10 Types of Prepositions with Examples

7. Interjection:

The Interjection tells some sudden or emotional feelings.

Interjection words are alas! hush, hello, hurray, oh, wow, what.

E.g.
  • alas! He demised.
  • Hurray! We won the match.

Read More: 10 Types of Interjections with Examples

8. Conjunction:

The Conjunction is word which, joins one word to another word or join one sentence to another.

Conjunction words are and, either…or, neither…nor, not only…but also, so…that, as…as, both…and, though…yet.

E.g.
  • Nandu takes tea or coffee
  • Raju and Ramu both are good friends.

Read More: 3 Types of Conjunctions with Examples

Rajashekar KankanalaRajashekarKankanala
Tuts Raja
NTR Colony
Hyderabad,Telangana,500087India
9110760272
http://www.tutsraja.com/

16 August, 2018

English Language Quiz 8 - Types of Conjunctions

types of conjunctions Quiz

The conjunction joins two independent clauses. Independent clause is a clause which can stand alone as a sentence and have the complete thought on its own.

A comma is used with conjunction if the clauses are long or not well balanced.

Q) Find conjunction words in a sentence.

1. He tried but did not succeed.

Correct Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Option B is coreect answer. but is conjunction in a sentence.

2. I waited for him but he didn’t come.

Correct Answer: Option A

Explanation:

Correct answer is option A. For is conjunction in a sentence.

3. You will remain ill unless you take medicine.

Correct Answer: Option C

Explanation:

Correct answer is option C. unless is conjunction in sentence.

4. We didn’t go to the market because it was raining outside.

Correct Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Correct answer is option D. Because is conjunction in a sentence.

5. She likes ice cream and juice.

Correct Answer: Option B

Explanation:

correct answer is option B. and is conjunction in a sentence.

6. He may be in the room or on the roof.

Correct Answer: Option A

Explanation:

Correct answer is option A. Or is conjunction in a sentence.

7. They played football although it was raining.

Correct Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Correct answer is optin D. Although is conjunction in a sentence.

8. He got ill, so he thought he should consult the doctor.

Correct Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Correct answer is option D. So is conjunction in a sentence .

9. The comma is required when connecting two independent clauses.

Correct Answer: Option C

Explanation:

Correct answer is option C. When is conjunction in a sentence.

10. I bought some gifts while I was coming from my office.

Correct Answer: Option C

Explanation:

Correct answer is option C. While is conjunction in a sentence.

Rajashekar KankanalaRajashekarKankanala
Tuts Raja
NTR Colony
Hyderabad,Telangana,500087India
9110760272
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English Language Quiz Home

English Language Quiz 7 - Types of Interjections

types of interjections Quiz

The interjection is one of the parts of speech. The interjections usually come at the beginning of a sentence and do not have a direct grammatical relation with the rest of the sentence.

Interjection words are used anywhere in the sentence. Mostly Interjection words are used at the beginning of a sentence.

Q) Find interjections words in a sentence.

1. Hurrah! Our team has won the series.

Correct Answer: Option C

Explanation:

Option C is coreect answer. Hurrah! is interjection in a sentence.

2. Bah! That was a total waste of time.

Correct Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Correct answer is option D. Bah! is interjection in a sentence.

3. Alas, she’s dead now.

Correct Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Correct answer is option B. Alas is interjection in sentence.

4. Oops, I’m sorry. That was my mistake.

Correct Answer: Option A

Explanation:

Correct answer is option A. Oops is interjection in a sentence.

5. Geez! Do I need to do it again?

Correct Answer: Option A

Explanation:

correct answer is option A. Geez! is interjection in a sentence.

6. Yo, will you throw the ball back?

Correct Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Correct answer is option D. Yo is interjection in a sentence.

7. Um, here is our proposal.

Correct Answer: Option A

Explanation:

Correct answer is optin A. Um is interjection in a sentence.

8. Hey! Nice to see you here at the party.

Correct Answer: Option C

Explanation:

Correct answer is option C. Hey! is interjection in a sentence .

9. Bravo! The trophy is yours.

Correct Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Correct answer is option D. Bravo! is interjection in a sentence.

10. Ouch! I cut my finger.

Correct Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Correct answer is option B. Ouch! is interjection in a sentence.

Rajashekar KankanalaRajashekarKankanala
Tuts Raja
NTR Colony
Hyderabad,Telangana,500087India
9110760272
http://www.tutsraja.com/

English Language Quiz Home

15 August, 2018

3 Types of Conjunctions with Examples

Types of conjunctions

Definition of conjunction:

The conjunction is the part of speech used as a joiner for words, phrases, or clauses in a particular sentence. The conjunction joins different parts of speeches together. Different kinds of conjunctions join different kinds of grammatical structures.

What is the Conjunction:

Conjunctions are the words that decide the importance of the various other words in the sentence. All conjunctions served as a unique purpose.

Conjunction words are and, but, or, nor, for, yet, so, although, because, since, unless, when, while, where etc.

Single-word Conjunctions

Single-word Conjunctions are having one word i.e. and, but, yet, because etc.

Compound Conjunctions

Compound Conjunctions are having two or more words i.e. as long as, as far as, as well as, in order that, even if, so that etc

E.g.
  • He tried but did not succeed.
  • He thought for a moment and kicked the ball.
  • I waited for him but he didn’t come.
  • You will remain ill unless you take medicine.
  • We didn’t go to the market because it was raining outside.

Types of Conjunctions:

  1. Coordinating Conjunction
  2. Subordinating Conjunction
  3. Correlative Conjunction

1. Coordinating Conjunction:

Coordination conjunctions are most common and simplest. It joins words, phrases, and clauses as an equal grammatical component. Coordinating conjunctions are called as coordinators.

Coordinating conjunctions connect two words or groups of words with similar values. They may connect two words, two phrases, two independent clauses or two dependent clauses.

coordinating conjunctions adds words to words, phrases to phrases, classes to clauses. between items joined, not at the beginning or end.

Coordination conjunction joins two equal parts of a sentence:

  • Word + word
  • Phrase + phrase
  • Clause + clause
  • Independent clause + independent clause

Examples of connecting two words:

  • Raja and Rani stayed up all night practicing their guitars.
  • She likes ice cream and juice.

Examples of connecting two phrases:

  • The squirrel scurried up the tree trunk and onto a low branch.
  • He may be in the room or on the roof.

Examples of connecting two clauses:

Several managers sat with their backs to us, and I could almost hear them snickering at us lowly workers. What you do and what you listen to sitting alone.

Examples of two Independent clauses:

  • We can hardly wait to see the movie.

Examples of joining two words of the same importance:

  • She likes pizza and burger.   (pizza and burger)
  • I bought a bat and a ball.   (bat and ball)
  • He may come by bike or car.   (bike or car)

The conjunction joins two independent clauses. Independent clause is a clause which can stand alone as a sentence and have the complete thought on its own.

E.g.
  • I called him but he didn’t receive my call.
  • I advised him to quit smoking, but he didn’t respond.
  • He got ill, so he thought he should consult the doctor.
  • He shouted for help, but nobody helped him.

A comma is used with conjunction if the clauses are long or not well balanced. Coordinating conjunctions come between words. If both clauses have the same subjects, the subject of the 2nd clause may not be written again.

E.g.
  • She worked well and got the reward.
  • The player stopped and kicked the ball.
  • He got ill but didn’t go to the doctor.
  • Maryam opened the book and started to read.
  • Pizza and burgers are my favorite snacks.
  • aliens and predators
  • by the beach or on the hill
  • what you see and what you get
  • spiders, snakes, and scorpions
  • in the bedroom, in the garage, or at the garden
  • Cats and dogs are animals. (Connecting two words)
  • We wanted to walk in the forest or on the hill. (Connecting two phrases)
  • They went to the park and had a picnic. (Connecting two clauses
  • I wanted to go but decided to stay. (Contrast)
  • Would you rather go shopping or spend the day at the beach? (Decision)
  • The comma is required when connecting two independent clauses.
  • I liked the car, but I could not afford to buy it.

Coordinating conjunction words are and, or, for, so, but, yet and nor.

To remember seven coordinating conjunctions, Follow FANBOYS shortcut. Here F for For, A for And, N for Nor, B for But, O for Or, Y for Yet, S for So.

2. Subordinating Conjunction:

subordinating conjunctions are different from coordinating conjunctions. It connect an independent clause to a dependent clause. These conjunctions occur in a sentence where the dependent clause would not work on its own.

The subordinating conjunction words are after, although, as,as far as, as if, as soon as, because, before, even if, how, if, in case, in that, no matter how, now that, once, provided, since, so that, supposing, though, unless, until, when, wherever, whether, while, as soon as, although, before, even if, because, no matter how, whether, wherever, when, until, after, as if, how, if, provided, in that, once, supposing, while, unless, in case, as far as, now that, as, so that, though, since,

E.g.
  • We were happy because our team won.
  • Because our team won, we were happy.
  • It is so cold outside, so I brought you a jacket.
  • This is not only fun, but also interesting.

Subordinating conjunctions are called as subordinators. It joins the subordinate clause (dependent clause) to the main clause.

  • Main Clause + Subordinate Clause
  • Subordinate Clause + Main Clause

The subordinate clause is a combination of words (subject and verb) which cannot stand alone as a complete sentence. The subordinate clause is also called a dependent clause because it is dependent on the main clause.

The Subordinate clause usually starts with a relative pronoun (which, who, that, whom etc). The subordinate clause gives more information in relation to the main clause to complete the meaning.

The subordinating conjunction joins a subordinate clause to the main clause. Subordinating conjunction always come before the subordinate clause, no matter the subordinate clause is before the main clause or after the main clause.

E.g.
  • He does not go to the library because he is not well.
  • I will call you after I reach my home.
  • I bought some gifts while I was coming from my office.
  • They played football although it was raining.
  • Although it was raining, they played football.
  • As far as I know, this situation is very tough.
  • I have gone to every concert since I lived in London.
  • You can get high grades in exam provided that you work hard for it.

3. Correlative Conjunctions:

The correlative conjunctions are simply pairs of conjunctions which are used to join equal sentence elements together.

Correlative conjunctions are always used in pairs. These pairs of conjunctions require equal (parallel) structures after each one.

The correlative conjunction words are either… or, neither… nor, not only… but also, both… and, whether… or, so… as etc.

E.g.
  • Both red and yellow are attractive colors.
  • I like neither tea nor coffee.

Additional Information:

What is a Conjunctive Adverb?

The conjunctive adverb is not a real conjunction, this kind of words functions as conjunctions in a sentence.

Conjunctive adverb words are however, therefore, on the contrary, hence, in fact, otherwise, as a result, indeed,still, thus, on the other hand, furthermore, instead, incidentally, after all, finally, likewise, meanwhile, consequently.

Rajashekar KankanalaRajashekarKankanala
Tuts Raja
NTR Colony
Hyderabad,Telangana,500087India
9110760272
http://www.tutsraja.com/

01 August, 2018

10 Types of Interjections with Examples

Types of interjections

Interjection Definition:

An interjection is used to express sentiment of the speaker or sudden emotions like surprise, joy, excitement, disgust, enthusiasm, sorrow, approval, calling, attention etc

Interjection Examples:

  • Good! Now we can celebrate the party.
  • Oh, what's a surprise?
  • Hey! Get out of the building!
  • Yes! I can do it easily.
  • No! I run so long.
  • Well! I have a good news.
  • Ouch! That hurts.
  • Well, I need a break.
  • Wow! What a beautiful dress!
  • Groovy! IAU demotes Pluto!!!
  • Wow! What a beautiful painting.
  • Hurrah! Our team has won the series.
  • What! Have you lost all your money?
  • Hurrah! We’ve won!
  • Alas, she’s dead now.
  • Bah! That was a total waste of time
  • Bless you, I couldn't have done without you.
  • Ah! It feels good.
  • Oh! You both know each other.
  • ‘I’m going.’ ‘Eh?’ ‘I said I’m going.’
  • Hey! Where are you going?’
  • Oh! I’ve got a bad headache.’
  • Shoot! I forgot my brother’s birthday.
  • ‘I’ve won.’ ‘Eh! Really?’
  • Hmm. Let’s me see.’
  • Oops, I’m sorry. That was my mistake.
  • Geez! Do I need to do it again?
  • Oh, I didn’t know that.
  • Yes! I will do it!
  • Yo, will you throw the ball back?
  • Um, here is our proposal.
  • Hmm. You really need to be on a diet.

What is an Interjection?

Interjection words have fixed meanings, whenever they are used. They usually come at the beginning of a sentence and do not have a direct grammatical relation with the rest of the sentence. Interjection words are used anywhere in the sentence.

The interjection is one of the parts of speech. Mostly Interjection words are used at the beginning of a sentence.

A comma or an exclamation mark is used after the interjection word in a sentence. An interjection sometimes called as the exclamation. It is used to signify a specific emotion or sentiment on the part of the speaker or the feeling of the author.

Eg: Surprise - Wow!, Confusion – Huh?, Outrage – No!

Features of Interjections:

  • Interjections are short exclamations like Oh!, Uh, Um, Wow!, Yikes!, or Ah!.
  • Interjections can stand alone.
  • The interjection is a big name for a little word.
  • Interjections are like emoticons.

Types of Interjections:

  1. Interjection for Greeting - Hello! , Hey! , Hi! Etc
  2. Interjection for Joy - Hurrah! , Hurray! , Wow! Etc Hurrah! Ha! Ha! Wow!
  3. Interjection for Approval - Bravo! , Brilliant! , Well done! O.K!
  4. Interjection for Attention - Listen! Look! Behold! Hush.
  5. Interjection for Surprise - Ha! , Hey! , What! , Oh! , Ah! , Eh! Etc Well
  6. Interjection for Sorrow - Ah! Ah me! Alas!
  7. Interjections for Grief/Pain - these include: Alas! , Ah! , Oh! , Ouch! Etc
  8. Interjections for Bidding Farwell
  9. Interjections for Expressing Doubt or Hesitation
  10. Interjections for Express Calling - Halloo! Ho!

1. Interjection for Greeting:

Interjection for greeting is used to indicate emotion of warmth towards the other person when they meet. Interjection for greeting words are Hello! , Hey! , Hi! Etc.

E.g.
  • Hey! Good to see you today.
  • Hello! I am Jane.
  • Hi! Would you like to have a cup of coffee?
  • Hey! Nice to see you here at the party.
  • Hello! I am Pooja.

2. Interjection for Joy:

If you want to show feelings of happiness or excitement or immediate emotion or immediate joy in the sentence then you can use words like Wow! Hurray! Hurrah! Ha!

E.g.
  • Wow! That’s great news.
  • Hurray! We won the football match.
  • Ha! Today I am very happy.
  • Wow! It is a beautiful place to stay.
  • Hurray! My team won the game.
  • Wow! I passed the exam.
  • Hurrah! We’ve got another day off.
  • Wow! You are looking gorgeous.
  • Hurray! We successfully won this football match.

3. Interjection for Approval and Praise

When you want to express your feelings of approval and agreement on something that happened for any task when you use these Interjection words like well done! O.K! Bravo!

E.g.
  • Well done! Your assignment is really good.
  • Bravo! You did a great job.
  • Well done! You performed you best.
  • Bravo! The trophy is yours.
  • Well done! You got the job.
  • Bravo! He made the goal.
  • Brilliant! You scored 99% percent in the exams.
  • Well done! You win the race.
  • Bravo! The first rank is yours this year.

4. Interjection for Attention:

Interjection for attention is used in the sentence to draw the attention of attendance then you use these Interjection words like Listen! Look! Behold! Hush.

E.g.
  • Listen! To me, you cannot do this at all.
  • Behold! The bride comes.
  • Look! You so arrogant.
  • Listen! I have never copied you.
  • Behold! Someone strange is there.

5. Interjection for Surprise:

Interjection for surprise is used to express a feeling or strong sense of being surprised, you can use words like What! Well! Hey! Eh! Oh! Whoa! Ha!, Ah!, Gosh, Wow etc.

E.g.
  • Hey! I can’t believe you are right here with me.
  • What! He attempted suicide.
  • What! Is it true that you are leaving this school?
  • Oh! Really you killed a snake, I can’t believe this.
  • What! His mother died!
  • Ah! I got promoted.
  • Eh! That sounds so disgusting.
  • What! You failed.
  • Oh! Really you completed the task, I can't believe.
  • Ah! I got the new job.

6. Interjection for Sorrow or Pain:

When you want to express feelings of sadness in the sentence, then you can use words like Alas! Ah! Oh! Ouch!

E.g.
  • Alas! She is no more.
  • Ouch! I cut my finger.
  • Ah! I have lost my sister’s bag.
  • Alas! She has failed in the exam.
  • Alas! He is no more.
  • Ouch! It's very painting

7. Interjections for Grief/Pain:

Interjection for grief/pain is used to expresses a strong emotion of grief on something unfortunate that happened.

Interjections for grief/pain words are Alas! , Ah! , Oh! , Ouch! Etc.

E.g.
  • Alas! He is dead.
  • Ouch! I hurt my foot.
  • Ah! The pain of injection.

8. Interjections for Bidding Farwell:

Interjections for Bidding Farwell is used by the speaker to bid farewell or say good-bye. Interjections for bidding farwell words are Bye!, goodbye! farewell! Etc.

E.g.
  • Good-bye! we are leaving.
  • Bye! I have to leave for now.

9. Interjections for Expressing Doubt or Hesitation:

These interjections are used by the speaker when they are unsure and thinking of what to say next. Interjections for Expressing Doubt or Hesitation words are Hmm, Uh, Er Etc.

E.g.
  • Hmm, I am not really sure what happened.

10. Interjections for Express Calling:

When you call someone for any reason then you use these Interjection words like Halloo! Ho!

E.g.
  • Hello! Why are you looking here?
  • Hello! Mark, please come with me.

Interjection List:

The lists of interjections used in the English language are extremely long, just like the list of adverbs or adjectives. The list of Interjections words are Oy, yum, huh, oops, hark, dear, wow, hey, aww, aah, ahh, eh, hurrah, oh, oops, ouch, shh, uh, yeah, yippe, haha etc

A to Z List of Interjections:

A: aha, ahem, ahh, ahoy, alas, argh, aww, achoo, absolutely, alrighty, amen, anyhoo, anytime, attagirl, awful, attaboy, as if, anyhow
B: bam, bingo, blah, boo, bravo, brrr, behold, bless you, bye
C: cheers, congratulations, come on, chin up
D: dang, drat, darn, duh, dear, doh, dear me
E: eek, eh, Eureka, encore, easy does it
F: fiddlesticks, fair enough, fiddle-dee-dee, fooey
G: gadzooks, gee, gee whiz, golly, goodbye, goodness, good grief, gosh, geepers, good job, great
H: ha-ha, hallelujah, hello, hey, hmmm, holy buckets, holy cow, holy smokes, holy dog, huh?, humph, hurray, hi, hooray
I: indeed, is it, I say
J: jeez, just kidding, just a sec, just wondering
M: my gosh, meh, most certainly, my my, my word
N: no, now, Nah, no thanks, never, no way
O: oh, oh dear, oh my, oh well, oops, ouch, ow, okey-dokey, oopsey, oyez
P: phew, phooey, pooh, pow, please, pff, peace, psst
R: rats, ready, right, right on, Roger, roger that, rumble
S: shhh, shoo, shoot, shucks, see ya, sleep tight, snap, sorry, sssh, sup, sigh, shame
T: thanks, there, tut-tut, ta-da, there there, time out, toodles, touche, tsk, tsk-tsk
U: uh-oh, uh-huh, ugh, umm, urgh
V: very well, voila, vroom
W: wahoo, well, whoa, whoops, wow, whatever, whee, when, wuzzup, why
Y: yeah, yes, yikes, yippee, yo, yuck, yay, yoo-hoo, you bet, you don't say, you know, yow, yum, yummy
Z: zap, zounds, zowie, zzz, zing.

Some Interjections with Meanings and Examples:

  • Wow Ha - Express happiness
    Wow! That’s great thing.Ha! now
  • Alas Ah - Express unhappiness
    Alas! He is dad now.
    Ah! I have lost the friend.
  • Oh! What! Well - Express surprise
    Oh, What a great person is he? What! Are you coming tomorrow?
  • Well done!O.K! - To give Approval
    Well done! You solved this problem.
    O.K! This project is over.
  • Halloo! Ho! - To call someone
    Halloo! Where are you going?
    Ho! Are you talking to me?
  • Listen!Look!Behold!Hush - Express attention
    Listen! All of you come here.
    Look! You have to do this job.
    Behold! I am coming with you.
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Tuts Raja
NTR Colony
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9110760272
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