Rajashekar KankanalaRajashekarKankanalaTuts RajaNTR ColonyHyderabad, Telangana,500087India9110760272//www.tutsraja.com/

05 December, 2019

World Important Days

Important Days in a Year

Here is the collection of national and international important days for competitive exams. Most of the exams ask the list of world important days for 2 to 3 marks. Exam point of view important days and dates list is enough.

I provided a complete list of important days in India. Here you can see the list of important days in a year. This list is enough for preparation.

Note: Just click on the table of contents list link for important days of month.

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Important Days of January

January is the starting month of the year and welcoming the new year with January and also saying bye to the last year. In the starting month of January or on the new year 1st day, we usually set goals, do parties, enjoy, etc.

January’s name comes from the Roman god Janus. He is the protector of gates and doorways. That’s why January presided to the new year. January basically has two parts one looking into the past year i.e Previous months and two future i.e. current year months. Let’s see January month’s important days, festivals, and events.


S. NoMonthDayImportance of Day
1.January1Global Family Day
2.January4Braille day
3.January9NRI Day or Pravasi Bhartiya Diwas
4.January10World Laughter Day
5.January10 world Hindi day
6.January12National Youth Day
7.January15National Army Day
8.January23Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose's Birth Anniversary
9.January24National Girl Child Day of India
10.January25National Tourism Day
11.January25 National Voters Day
12.January26Republic Day of India
13.January28Data Protection Day
14.January28Birth Anniversary of Lala Lajpat Rai
15.January30National Martyr’s Day or Sarvodaya Day
16.January30World Leprosy Eradication Day

Important Days of February

February is the second month of the year. It is the shortest month in a year. It has only 28 days in common years and in leap years it has 29 days.

The gregorian calendar consists of 28 days in our modern-day. The February name comes from Latin word februum which means purification. Let’s see the important days of February and events etc.


S. NoMonthDayImportance of Day
1.February1Indian coast guard day
2.February2World Wetlands Day
3.February4World Cancer Day
4.February6International Day against Female Genital Mutilation
5.February10National deworming day
6.February13 World Radio Day, National women’s day or Sarojini Naidu’s Birthday
7.February20World Day of Social Justice
8.February21International Mother Language Day
9.February24Central Excise Day
10.February28National Science Day

Important Days of March

March is the third month of the year. It has 31 days in a month. The name comes from the Roman god of the war, mars.

According to the roman Martius, calender march is the first month of the year but in modern-day we are following the gregorian calendar. So march is the third month of the year. Let’s see important days of march and events etc.


S. NoMonthDayImportance of Day
1.March1Zero discrimination day
2.March3National Defense Day, World wild life day
3.March4National Safety Day, National Security Day
4.March8International Women’s’ Day
5.March13World Rotaract Day
6.March14World Pie day
7.March15World Consumer Rights Day, World Disabled Day
8.March16National Vaccination Day
9.March18National Ordinance Factories Day
10.March20International Day of Happiness, World sparrow day
11.March21International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination, World Poetry Day
12.March21World Poetry Day
13.March21World Forestry Day
14.March22World Water Day
15.March23World Meteorological Day,
16.March24World TB Day
17.March25International Day of Remembrance Victims of Slavery and Transatlantic Slave Trade
18.March27World Theater Day

2nd Thursday of March - World Kidney Day

Important Days of April

According to the gregorian calendar, April is the fourth month of the year. The April name comes from the greek goddess aphrodite.

In the southern hemisphere, the march is associated with autumn season and the northern hemisphere march is associated with the spring season.


S. NoMonthDayImportance of Day
1.April 1Orissa Day
2.April 2World Autism Awareness Day
3.April 4International Day for Mine
4.April 4Awareness and Assistance in Mine Action
5.April 5National Maritime Day
6.April 6International day of sport for development and peace
7.April 7World Health Day
8.April 8World Romani Day
9.April 10homeo pathy day
10.April 11National Safe Motherhood Day
11.April 12International day of human space flight day
12.April 14B.R.Ambedkar Remembrance Day
13.April 15himachal day
14.April 17World Haemophilia Day
15.April 18World Heritage Day
16.April 21National Civil Services Day
17.April 22World Earth Day
18.April 23World Book and Copyright Day
19.April 23World English Language Day
20.April 24National panchayat raj day
21.April 25World Malaria Day
22.April 26World Intellectual Property Day
23.April 28World day for Safety and Health at work
24.April 29World Dance Day
25.April 30International Jazz Day

Important Days of May

May is the fifth month of the year. It has 31 days in the month. The May name comes from the goddess Maia and is identified with the Roman era goddess of fertility. In may month northern hemisphere is associated with spring and the southern hemisphere is associated with autumn.


S. NoMonthDayImportance of Day
1.May 1World Labor Day, Maharashtra Day
2.May 3Press Freedom Day World Asthma Day
3.May 4International Firefighters’ Day
4.May 5World Midwives Day
5.May 7World Athletics Day
6.May 8World Red Cross Day
7.May 8 Remembrance and Reconciliation for Lost Lives Of Second World War
8.May 10International Migratory Bird Day
9.May 11National technology day
10.May 12International Nurses Day
11.May 13International Criminal Court Day
12.May 14Fair trade day
13.May 15International Day of the Families
14.May 16dengue day
15.May 17World Tele-communication and Information Society Day
16.May 17World Hypertension Day
17.May 17International day against Homophobia and Transphobia
18.May 18World Museum Day, World AIDS Vaccination day
19.May 20World Meteorology Day
20.May 21National Anti Terrorism Day
21.May 22International Day for Biological Diversity
22.May 24Commonwealth Day
23.May 25World Missing Children’s day
24.May 29International Day of Peacekeepers
25.May 30Hindi journalism day
26.May 31World Anti Tobacco Day

2nd Sunday of May - World Mother Day

Important Days of June

June is the sixth month of the year. It has 30 days in the month. The name comes from the Roman goddess Juno. In June month southern hemisphere is associated with the winter solstice, fewest daylight hours and northern hemisphere associated with the summer solstice, most daylight hours.

According to the traditional astronomical summer is on 21 June in the Northen hemisphere and meteorological winter begins on 1 June in the southern hemisphere.


S. NoMonthDayImportance of Day
1.June 1Global Day of Parents, milk day
2.June 4World Day of Innocent Children Victims of Aggression
3.June 5World Environment Day
4.June 8World Oceans Day
5.June 12World Day against Child Labor
6.June 14World Blood Donor Day
7.June 15World elder abuse awareness day
8.June 16International Integration Day
9.June 20World Refugee Day
10.June 21World yoga day, World Music Day,
11.June 23International Olympic Day
12.June 23United Nations Public Service Day,
13.June 23International Widows Day
14.June 26International Day against Drug abuse and Illicit Trafficking,
15.June 26International Day in support of Victims of torture

3rd Sunday of Jun - World Father’s Day

Important Days of July

June is the seventh month of the year. It has 32 days in the month. July is the fifth month of the year until 450 BC, January and February were added in 450 BC. The name comes from the Latin word fifth. Later the name was changed to Julius caesar.

It is the month of summer in the northern hemisphere. July was originally the month of quintiles in the Roman calendar.


S. NoMonthDayImportance of Day
1.July 1World Doctor’s Day
2.July 2World Sports Journalists Day
3.July 2World UFO day
4.July 4America Independence Day
5.July 6World Zoonoses Day
6.July 7World Chocolate Day
7.July 11World Population Day
8.July 12International Malala Day
9.July 18International Nelson Mandela Day
10.July 26Kargil Vijay Diwas or Kargil Memorial Day or Kargil Victory Day
11.July 28World Nature Conservation Day
12.July 28World Hepatitis Day
13.July 29International Tiger Day

Important Days of August

August is the eighth month of the year. It has 31 days in the month. The name comes from the Augustus caesar. In honor of Augustus Caesar, the name of the month changed to august.

According to the ancient Roman calendar august is the sixth month. Latin originally named as sextilis.


S. NoMonthDayImportance of Day
1.August 6Hiroshima Day
2.August 6Anti Nuclear Day
3.August 8World Senior Citizen Day
4.August 9Nagasaki Day
5.August 9 Quit India Day
6.August 12International Youth Day
7.August 13International Left Handers Day
8.August 14Pakistan’s Independence Day
9.August 15India’s Independence Day
10.August 15International Mourning Day
11.August 19World Humanitarian Day
12.August 19World Photography Day
13.August 20National Sadbhavna Divas or Birthday of Rajiv Gandhi
14.August 20World Mosquito Day
15.August 20Indian Akshay Urja Diwas or day
16.August 21National Senior Citizen Day
17.August 23International Day for the Remembrance of the Slave Trade and Its Abolition
18.August 29National Sports Day or Dhyanchand's Birthday
19.August 30International day of the victims of enforced Disappearances

First Sunday in August - International Friendship Day

Important Days of September


September is the ninth month of the year. It has 30 days in the month. Autumn season that falls in the month of September. According to the Roman calendar, September is the seventh month until 450 B.C. It became the ninth month after adding January and February.

S. NoMonthDayImportance of Day
1.September 2World Coconut Day
2.September 5National Teacher’s Day or Dr. Radhakrishanan's Birth Day
3.September 5Sanskrit Day
4.September 7World Forgiveness Day
5.September 8World Literacy Day
6.September 10World Anti-Suicide Day
7.September 14Hindi Diwas or Hindi Day
8.September 14World First Aid Day
9.September 15International Day of Democracy
10.September 15International Engineer’s Day
11.September 16World Ozone Day
12.September 20RPF Foundation day
13.September 21World Peace Day or International day for Peace
14.September 22World Cancer Free Day or Rose Day
15.September 23International Day of the Deaf
16.September 26World Contraception Day
17.September 27World Tourism Day
18.September 28World Rabies Day
19.September 29World Heart Day

Important Days of October

October is the tenth month of the year. It has 31 days in the month. According to the roman calendar the eighth month. The comes from the Octo that is eight in Latin.

The autumn season is associated with the northern hemisphere and spring is associated with the southern hemisphere.


S. NoMonthDayImportance of Day
1.October 1World Vegetarian Day
2.October 1International Day of the older/Elderly
3.October 2Gandhi Jayanti
4.October 2International Day of Non-Violence
5.October 3World Nature Day
6.October 4World Animal Day
7.October 5World Teacher’s Day
8.October 6World Wildlife Day
9.October 8Indian Air Force Day
10.October 9World Postal or Post-office Day
11.October 10World Mental Health Day
12.October 10National Post-office Day
13.October 11International Day of the Girl Child
14.October 12World Arthritis Day
15.October 13International Day for Natural Disaster Reduction
16.October 14World Standards Day
17.October 15Global Hand Washing Day
18.October 15International Day of Rural Women
19.October 15Global Hand Washing Day
20.October 15World White Cane Safety Day
21.October 16World Food Day
22.October 17International Poverty Day for its Eradication
23.October 20World Osteoporosis Day
24.October 20World Statistics Day
25.October 20National Solidarity
26.October 24UN Day
27.October 24World Development Information Day
28.October 24World Polio Day
29.October 27World day for Audio Visual Heritage
30.October 28International Animation Day
30.October 31World Savings Day or world Thrift day
31.October 31Halloween Day

Important Days of November

November is the eleventh month of the year. It has 30 days in the month. According to the Roman calendar, it was the 9th month. The name comes from the Latin novem, which means nine.

Late spring is associated with the southern hemisphere and late autumn is associated with the northern hemisphere.


S. NoMonthDayImportance of Day
1.November 1World Vegan Day
2.November 6International Day for Preventing the Exploitation of the Environment in War and Armed Conflict
3.November 7Infant Protection Day
4.November 7 World Cancer Awareness Day
5.November 8World Radiology Day
6.November 9World Legal Service Day
7.November 10World Science day for Peace and Development
8.November 10Public Transport
9.November 11National Education Day
10.November 12World Pneumonia Day
11.November 12Public Service Broadcasting Day
12.November 13World Kindness Day
13.November 14Children’s Day (India)
14.November 14World Diabetes Day
15.November 16International Day for Endurance or Tolerance
16.November 17International Students Day
17.November 17Gurunanak Dev's Birth Anniversary
18.November 19World Toilet Day
19.November 19National Integration Day
20.November 20Universal Children’s Day
21.November 21World Fisheries Day
22.November 21World Hello Day
23.November 21World Television Day
24.November 25International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women
25.November 25World Non-Veg day
26.November 26National Law Day or National constitution Day
27.November 30National Flag Day

Important Days of December


December is the twelfth month of the year. It has 31 days in the month. According to the Roman calendar, it was the tenth month.

The name is derived from the Latin word Decem means ten. The name tells December is the tenth month in the Roman calendar.

S. NoMonthDayImportance of Day
1.December 1World AIDS Day
2.December 2World Computer Literacy Day
3.December 2International Day for the Abolition of Slavery
4.December 3International Day of People with Disability
5.December 4Indian Navy Day
6.December 5International Volunteer Day for Economic and Social Development
7.December 7International Civil Aviation Day
8.December 7Indian Armed Force Flag Day
9.December 9The International Anti-Corruption Day
10.December 10World Human Rights Day
11.December 10International Children's Day of Broadcasting
12.December 11International Mountain Day
13.December 11 UNICEF Day
14.December 14National Energy Conservation Day (India)
15.December 16Vijay Diwas
16.December 18International Migrants Day
17.December 18National Minority Rights Day
18.December 19Goa’s Libration Day
19.December 20International Human Solidarity Day
20.December 22National mathematical day
21.December 23 National Kisan Diwas day

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wikipedia - Article source
Rajashekar KankanalaRajashekarKankanala
Tuts Raja
NTR Colony

04 December, 2019

Thermal Power Plants in India

Thermal Power Plants

More than 65 percent of India's electricity generation capacity comes from thermal power plants. 85 percent of the country's thermal power generation based on coal.

A thermal power plant is mostly a steam-driven power plant. The turbines spin by force using an electric generator or using any other power. India is consuming 70% of the electricity comes from thermal power plants.

  • India's biggest power source is thermal power.
  • More than 70% of the thermal energy consumed in India.

Here we have given top 10 thermal power plants in india and location of thermal power plants in india, which is useful for candidates preparing for IBPS SBI PO Clerk Bank exams, SSC, Railway, etc.

Note: Click on show/hide button to show index of the content.

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1. Vindhyachal Super Thermal Power Station:

Vindhyachal Super Thermal Power Station

It is the first thermal power plant in india. Vindhyachal thermal power station operated by NTPC. It is located in Madhya Pradesh, Singrauli district.

Vindyachal power plant is the coal-based thermal power plant in India. The power plant capacity is 4760MW. It is the largest thermal power plants in india.

  • Operator: NTPC
  • Location: Vindhya Nagar, Singrauli, Madhya Pradesh
  • Operational Units: 7 × 500 MW, 6 × 210 MW
  • Capacity (MW): 4,760
  • Opened: 1987

2. Mundra Thermal Power Station:

Mundra Thermal Power Station

Mundra thermal power station operated by Adani power. It is located in Gujarat, Kutch district.

Mundra thermal power station is a coal-based power plant. The capacity of the power plant is 4,620MW. It is currently the second biggest operating thermal power plant in India.

  • Operator: Adani Power
  • Location: Mundra, Kutch, Gujarat
  • Capacity : 4,620MW
  • Operational Units: 5 × 660 MW, 4 × 330 MW
  • Opened: 2008

3. Mundra Ultra Mega Power Project:

Mundra Ultra Mega Power Project

Mundra Ultra Mega Power Plant (UMPP) is operated by Coastal Gujarat Power Limited (CGPL), a subsidiary of Tata Power. It is located in Gujarat, Kutch district.

The capacity of the Mundra ultra mega power project is 4,000MW. It is a coal-fired power plant. It is the third-largest thermal power plant in India.

  • Operator: Tata Power
  • Location: Mundra, Kutch, Gujarat
  • Capacity (MW): 4,000
  • Operational Units:: 5 × 800 MW
  • Opened: 2012

4. KSK Mahanadi Power Project:

KSK Mahanadi Power Project

KSK Mahanadi power project operated by KSK Energy Ventures Limited. It is located at Nariyara village in Akaltara tehsil of Janjgir-Champa district in the Indian state of Chhattisgarh.

KSK Mahanadi power project capacity is 3600 MW. It is a coal-fired power plant.

  • Operator: KSK Energy Ventures Limited
  • Location: Nariyara, Janjgir–Champa district, Chhattisgarh
  • Capacity (MW): 3,600
  • Operational Units::6×600 MW
  • Opened: 2014

5. Jindal Megha Power Plant:

Jindal Megha Power Plant

Jindal Megha power plant operated by Jindal Power Limited. The power plant is which is a subsidiary of Jindal Steel and Power. It is located in Tamnar village near Raigarh town in Raigarh district in the Indian state of Chhattisgarh.

Jindal Megha power plant capacity is 3400MW. It is a coal-based thermal power plant. The coal for the plant is sourced from the captive coal mine.

  • Operator: Jindal
  • Location: Tamnar, Raigarh, Chhattisgarh
  • Capacity (MW): 3,400
  • Operational Units::4×250 MW
  • Opened: 2007

6. Tiroda Thermal Power Station:

Tiroda Thermal Power Station

The Tiroda thermal power plant operated by adani power Maharashtra. It is located in Tirora, Gondia, Maharashtra.

The Capacity of Tiroda thermal power plant is a 3,300MW. It is a coal-based power generation plant.

  • Operator: Adani Power
  • Location: Tirora, Gondia, Maharashtra
  • Capacity (MW): 3,300
  • Operational Units:: 5x660 MW
  • Opened: 2009

7. Barh Super Thermal Power Station:

Barh Super Thermal Power Station

Barh super thermal power station operated by NTPC. It is located in India's Bihar state, Patna, Barh.

The capacity of barh super thermal power station is 3300. It is coal-based power plant.

  • Operator: NTPC
  • Location: Barh, Patna, Bihar
  • Capacity (MW): 3,300
  • Operational Units: 2 X 660 MW 3 X 660 MW
  • Opened: 1999

8. Talcher Super Thermal Power Station:

Talcher Super Thermal Power Station

The talcher super thermal power station operated by NTPC. It is located in the Angul district of Odisha.

The capacity of talcher super thermal power station is a 3,000MW. It coal-fired power plant. It is also known as NTPC Talcher Kaniha.

  • Operator: NTPC
  • Location: Kaniha, Angul, Odisha
  • Capacity (MW): 3,000
  • Operational Units: ‎6 × 500 MW
  • opened:1995

9. Sipat Thermal Power Plant:

Sipat Thermal Power Plant

Sipat super thermal power plant operated by NTPC. It is located in Sipat, Bilaspur district, Chhattisgarh.

Sipat super thermal power plant capacity is 2,980MW. It ranks as the eighth-largest thermal power station in India. It is a coal-based power plant.

  • Operator: NTPC
  • Location: Sipat, Bilby NTPC, Operataspur, Chhattisgarh
  • Capacity (MW): 2,980
  • Operational Units: 3x 660 MW, 2x500
  • Opened: 2013

10. NTPC Dadri:

NTPC Dadri

National capital power station operated by NTPC. It is located in Gautam Budh Nagar district of Uttar Pradesh.

The capacity of the national capital power station is 2637MW. It is a coal & gas-fired thermal power plant.

  • Operated: NTPC
  • Location‎: ‎Gautam Budh Nagar district, Uttar Pradesh
  • Capacity: 2,637 MW
  • Operational Units: ‎1820 MW Coal & 817 MW Gas
  • Opened‎: ‎1991

Credit:Different Sources

Rajashekar KankanalaRajashekarKankanala
Tuts Raja
NTR Colony

02 December, 2019

Important Dance Forms in India

Types of Dance Forms

Dance is a cultural tradition. An ancient time’s dance is the spiritual and religious tradition of India. Dance is an art to express human feelings of joy and happiness.

Dance is only way to communicate using body, eyes, expressions. Mainly Indian dances are categorized into two type’s classical and folk (tribal) dance.

Classical Dance:

The Classical dances of India are usually spiritual in content. The Indian classical dances are eight recognized by sangeet natak akademi. Classical dances are famous in the world.

Note: Click on show/hide button to show index of the content.

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1. Bharatha Natyam Dance:

Bharatha Natyam Dance

Bharatanatyam comes from the Tamil Nadu state in south India. Bharata Natyam is considered the oldest form of dance. It is the mother of all other classical dances in India. Bharatanatyam originated from the art of temple dancers in the south India. It can be traced back to 1000bc.

Bharatanatyam originates from the ancient temples of Tamil Nadu performed by women. It is a temple dance for women. Bharatanatyam origin back to the Natya Shastra written by the mythic priest Bharata.

The dance form is known as beautiful body movements and gestures which are called mudras in the traditional language. It focuses on the hand gestures, leg movements and facial expressions of the dancer. It is used to express Hindu religious stories and devotions.

  • Dance Name: Bharatnatyam
  • Region: South India
  • State: Tamil Nadu

2. Kuchipudi Dance:

Kuchipudi Dance

Kuchipudi is a classical dance form that originated from south India Andhra Pradesh state. The name comes from Kuchipudi village near the Bay of Bengal. Kuchipudi is the most popular traditional dance form in South India performed with violin, flute, and tambura instruments.

Kuchipudi is a difficult form of classical dance in India. Kuchipudi requires talent in both dancing and singing requires both the skill and much more dedication than any other art form in India. Kuchipudi was only performed by the male dancers in the temples. Nowadays it is mostly performed by female dancers.

  • Dance Name: Kuchipudi
  • Region: South India
  • State: Andhra Pradesh

3. Mohinittan Dance:

Mohinittan Dance

Mohiniyattam is a classical dance form from south India, Kerala state. It is a popular form of dance with a drama, performed with subtle gestures and footwork.

It is the 2nd popular dance form. This classical Indian dance form roots from Natya Shastra. It is a traditional dance, performed by women.

  • Dance Name: Mohiniyattam
  • Region: Southwestern India
  • State: Kerala

4. Kathakali Dance:

Kathakali Dance

Kathakali comes from southwestern India, Kerala state. kathakali is a religious dance. It draws inspiration from the Ramayana and stories from Shaiva traditions. It is performed by boys and men even for female roles.

Kathakali is one of the most attracting classical Indian dance-drama performed by well-trained artists. The attractive make-up, detailed gestures and elaborate costumes of the characters along with body movements with playback music are the best experience to watch. Kathakali is also related to storytelling.

  • Dance Name: Kathakali
  • Region: Southwestern India
  • State: Kerala

5. Odissi Dance:

Odissi Dance

Odissi comes from eastern India, Orissa state. Odissi is the oldest dance in India. Odissi dance is performed mostly by the women dancers. Odissi is a very complex and expressive dance, with over fifty mudras commonly used. Odissi dance gestures and movements or mudras are inspired by ancient temples of India.

The dance form is known for its style, independent movements of head, chest, and pelvis. Beautiful Odissi Dance is a traditional and ancient style of dance performed in the temples.

  • Dance Name: Kathakali
  • Region: Odissi
  • State: Odisha

6. Kathak Dance:

Kathak Dance

A dance of northern India Uttar Pradesh. Kathak’s name comes from the word Katha, which means a story in Hindi. Kathak is often a dance of love. It can be performed both by the male and female dancers together.

Kathak started as a temple dance but soon moved to rule houses. Kathak is performed in the form of storytelling through the body movements used by the dancer.

  • Dance Name: Kathak
  • Region: North India
  • State: Uttar Pradesh

7. Sattriya Dance:

Sattriya Dance

The Sattriya Dance of Assam is a living tradition of the state. It is one of the eight major classical Indian dance traditions. Sattriya classical dance form is well appreciated and practiced outside the state as well as outside of the Indian mainland.

This dance form was preserved in the Sattras or the Vaishnava Maths. it remained a living tradition. However, today, the practice has changed in many ways. The performances are not limited to the Sattras, even women can perform Sattriya dance on the stage.

  • Dance Name: Sattriya
  • Region: Northeastern India
  • State: Assam

8. Manipuri Dance:

Manipuri Dance

Manipuri comes from Manipur in northeastern India. Manipuri dance is one of the major classical dance in India. The dance roots in that state’s folk traditions, rituals and often depict scenes from the life of the god Krishna. The dance is performed with the music created by the Indian classical instruments.

Manipuri themes are based on the Raslila act of Radha and Krishna and are purely religious along with spiritual experience. It is famously known as Raas Leela. Manipuri is characterized by smooth and graceful movements. This art form is performed in a team with the traditional Manipuri costumes.

  • Dance Name: Manipuri
  • Region: Northeastern India
  • State: Manipur

Important classical dances in India

Table of Contents

S.NoDance NameState
1. Bharatha natyam Tamil nadu
2. Kuchipudi Andhra Pradesh
3. MohinittanKerala
4. Kathakali Kerala
5.Odissi Odisha
6. Kathak Rajasthan,UP
7.Sattriya Assam
8.Manipuri Manipur

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wikipedia - Article source
Rajashekar KankanalaRajashekarKankanala
Tuts Raja
NTR Colony

28 November, 2019

Alphabet Series Reasoning Tricks

Alphabets Magic Tricks

The reasoning questions on the alphabet series are the most expected questions for every competitive exam. This topic is very important for the exam point of view. So you need to memorize the alphabet series positions. Here we are providing tricks to remember letter positions without any difficulty. Let's discuss various types of remembering tricks.

Before going to start coding and decoding, I will tell you how to remember letters. In an exam, they may ask different questions different ways. So find different ways and remember. Here I will tell you letter position for different ways.

Finally, I will tell you how to remember with tricks. This topic in reasoning is easy, scoring and compulsory question. If you remember letter positions, it is a time-saving topic. If you’re confident, choose this topic as your first priority in an exam.

Note: Click on show/hide button to show index of the content.

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1. Remember Basics of Letters:

The English alphabet contains 21 consonants and 5 vowels and a total of 26 letters. If we divide alphabet series equally, we will get letters 1 to 13 and 14 to 26 i.e. A to M first 13 letters and the second half starts from N to Z.

  • Vowels 5
  • Consonants 21
  • Total letters 26
  • Letters mirror image is also same for 10 letters.
    i.e. A, H, I, M, O, T, U, V, W, X

2. Remember Letter positions with Tricks:

Here I will tell you how to remember letters easily. If you remember letter position, this topic easy. So try to remember letter positions. Let’s see.

  • F letter position is 6
    Trick: computer keyboard function key F6
  • G letter position is 7
    Trick: While writing Capital of G, looks like 7
  • H position is 8
    Trick: H is similar to 8
  • K position is 1
    Tricks: K for kill. End of kill looks like 11
  • L letter position is 12
    Trick: Twelve sounds like 2L’v
  • M letter position is 13
    Trick: M letter looks like 3. So remember 13 is M position.
  • O letter position is 15
    Trick: Super symbol (zero) with fingers of 1 hand 5 fingers.
  • P letter position is 16
    Trick: 16 years age for girls
  • R letter position 18
    Trick: R (Restricted) rated movies for 18+
  • T letter position is 20
    Trick: T20 cricket
  • V letter position is 22
    Trick: V letter two sides look same.
    So number two digits is to be same i.e. 22
  • W letter position is 23
    Trick: W letter also looks like 3. So remember 23 is W position
  • X position is 24
    Trick: X ray’s available only in hospitals. Hospitals open 24 hours

3. Remember 5 Table Letter Positions:

The alphabet positions can be remembered with the help of 5 table concept. You can easily remember the position of EJOTY without much effort. It helps only five letters to remember. It is advisable to learn the positions of different letters in the alphabet.

  • E position is 5
  • J position is 10
  • O position is 15
  • T position is 20
  • Y position is 25

Remember: E-5, J-10, O-15, T-20, Y-25
Tricks: E JOTY. It looks like E mail Jothy

4. Remember Vowels Positions:

  • A position is 1
  • E position is 5
  • I position is 9
  • O position is 15
  • U position is 21

Remember: A-1, E-5, I-9, O-15, U-21

Note: Sometimes letter positions of vowels are 1, 2, 3, 4, 5.
Remember: A-1, E-2, I-3, O-4, U-5

5. Reverse Order of Letter Positions:

The reverse order is also very important for coding and decoding. Here I will tell how to remember reverse order easily. Just remember some words that show reverse order letters in the word.

  • AZad reverse order is AZ
  • BoY reverse order is BY
  • CraX reverse order is CX
  • Don’t Worry reverse order is DW
  • loVE reverse order is VE
  • FUll reverse order is FU
  • Greater Than reverse order is GT
  • High School reverse order is HS
  • Indian Railways reverse order is IR
  • Jangle Queen reverse order is JQ
  • KanPur reverse order is KP
  • LogOut reverse order is LO
  • MaN reverse order is MN

Trick: Two letter position number totals should be 27, and then only reverse order.
Remember: A-Z, B-Y, C-X, D-W, E-V, F-U, G-T, H-S, I-R, J-Q, K-P, L-O, M-N

6. Reverse Order Letter Positions for Vowels:

  • A reverse order position is 26
  • E reverse order position is 22
  • I reverse order position is 18
  • O reverse order position is 12
  • U reverse order position is 6

Remember: A-26, E-22, I-18, O-12, U-6

7. 5 Table Reverse Order Letter Positions:

  • V reverse order position is 5
  • Q reverse order position is 10
  • L reverse order position is 15
  • G reverse order position is 20
  • B reverse order position is 25

Remember: V-5, Q-10, L-15, G-20, B-25

8. The Final Trick for Letter Coding and Decoding:

If you’re unable to remember all letters while writing an exam, just write below letters in same order. That order helps you to find letter positions of correct order and reverse order.

Letter order & Reverse order positions

1 2 34 56 7 8 9 10111213
26 25 2423 2221 20 19 18 1716 1514

Note: M, W two letters look like 3. So give positions M is 1 and W is 2

9. The Formula for Reverse Order:

If you don’t want to write above letters, just follow formula for reverse order

Reverse Order = 27- < letter position number >= reverse order letter number

Rajashekar KankanalaRajashekarKankanala
Tuts Raja
NTR Colony

27 November, 2019

Abbreviations for Computer

Computer Abbreviations

Are you preparing for bank exams like IBPS PO, you should have computer knowledge. Here I am providing computer science important abbreviations. This is a list of computing and IT acronyms and abbreviations.

A , B , C , D , E , F , G , H , I , J , K , L , M , N , O , P , Q , R , S , T , U , V , W , X , Y , Z

Letter A:

S.NoShort FormAbbrevations
1AACAdvanced Audio Coding
2ADCAnalog to Digital Converter
3ADSLAssymetric Digital Subscriber Line
4AGPAdvanced Graphics Port
5AIArtificial Intelligence
6ALUArithmetic Logic Unit
7ANSIAmerican National Standards Institute
8AOLAmerica Online
9APIApplication Programming Interface
10APRANETAdvanced Research Projects Agency Network
11ARPAddress Resolution Protocol
12ASCIIAmerican Standard Code for Information Interchange
13ASPActive Server Pages
14ATMAsynchronous Transfer Mode
15ATMAutomated Teller Machine
16AVIAudio Video Interleave

A , B , C , D , E , F , G , H , I , J , K , L , M , N , O , P , Q , R , S , T , U , V , W , X , Y , Z

Letter B:

S.NoShort FormAbbrevations
1BCCBlind Carbon Copy
2BCDBinary Coded Decimal
3BCRBar Code Reader
4BIOSBasic Input Output System
5BIUBus Interface Unit
7BPSBits Per Seconds
8BRDBlu-Ray Disc

A , B , C , D , E , F , G , H , I , J , K , L , M , N , O , P , Q , R , S , T , U , V , W , X , Y , Z

Letter C:

S.NoShort FormAbbrevations
1CADComputer Aided Design
2CADDComputer Aided Drafting and Design
3CAEComputer Aided Engineering
4CCCarbon Copy
5CD RWCompact Disc ReWritable
6CDChange Directory (UNIX/DOS)
7CDCompact Disc
8CDMACode Division Multiple Access
9CD-RCompact Disk - Recordable
10CDROMCompact Disk Read Only Memory
11CDRWCompact Disk Rewritable
12CGICommon Gateway Interface
13CISCComplex Instruction Set Computer
14CLRCommon Language Runtime
16CMOSComplimentary Metal Oxide Semiconductor
17CMYKCyan-Magenta-Yellow-Black (color model)
18COBOLCommon Business Oriented Language
19CPUCentral Processing Unit
20CROMComputerized Range of Motion
21CRTCathode Ray Tube
22CSSCascading Style Sheets
23CSVComma-Separated Value/Variable (file type)
24CTRLControl (computer keyboard key)

A , B , C , D , E , F , G , H , I , J , K , L , M , N , O , P , Q , R , S , T , U , V , W , X , Y , Z

Letter D:

S.NoShort FormAbbrevations
1DACDigital to Analog Converter
2DARPANETDefense Advanced Research Project Agency Network
3DATDigital Audio Tape
4DBAData Base Administrator
6DBMSData Base Management System
7DESData Encryption Standard
8DHCPDynamic Host Configuration Protocol
9DHTMLDynamic Hyper Text Markup Language
10DIRDirectory (file)
11DLCData Link Control
12DLLDynamic Link Library
13DMADirect Memory Access
14DNSDomain Name System
16DOMDocument Object Model
17DOSDisk Operating System
18DPIDots Per Inch
19DRAMDynamic Random Access Memory
20DSLDigital Subscriber Line
21DSNDigital Subsriber Network
22DTPDesktop Publishing.
23DVDDigital Versatile Disk.

A , B , C , D , E , F , G , H , I , J , K , L , M , N , O , P , Q , R , S , T , U , V , W , X , Y , Z

Letter E:

S.NoShort FormAbbrevations
1EAPExtensible Authentication Protocol
3EDGEEnhanced Data Rate for GSM
4EDSACElectronic Delay Storage Automatic Calculator
5EEPROMElectrically Erasable Programmable Random Access Memory
6EFSEncrypted File System
8EMACSEditing Macros (Unix editor)
9E-MailElectronic Mail
10EPROMErasable Programmable Read Only Memory
11EROMErasable Read Only Memory

A , B , C , D , E , F , G , H , I , J , K , L , M , N , O , P , Q , R , S , T , U , V , W , X , Y , Z

Letter F:

S.NoShort FormAbbrevations
1FAQFrequently Asked Question
2FATFile Allocation Table
3FDDFloppy Disk Drive
4FDMAFrequency Division Multiple Access
5FIFOFirst-In, First-Out
6FMFrequency Modulation
7FPSFrames Per Second
8FSFile System
9FTPFile Transfer Protocol

A , B , C , D , E , F , G , H , I , J , K , L , M , N , O , P , Q , R , S , T , U , V , W , X , Y , Z

Letter G:

S.NoShort FormAbbrevations
1GBGiga Byte
2GBPSGigabytes/Gigabits Per Second
5GIFGraphics Interchange Format
6GISGeographic Information System
7GPRSGeneral Packet Radio Service
8GPSGlobal Positioning Satellite/System
9GPUGraphics Processing Unit
10GSMGlobal System for Mobile Communication
11GUIGraphical User Interface

A , B , C , D , E , F , G , H , I , J , K , L , M , N , O , P , Q , R , S , T , U , V , W , X , Y , Z

Letter H:

S.NoShort FormAbbrevations
1HDDHard Disk Drive
2HDHard Disk
3HDMIHigh Definition Multimedia Interface
4HDTVHigh Definition Television
6HSDPAHigh Speed Downlink Packet Access
7HSVHue Saturation Value (color model)
8HTMLHyper Text Markup Language
9HTTPHyper Text Transfer Protocol
10HTTPSHyper Text Transfer Protocol Secure
11HVDHolographic Versatile Disc
12HzHertz (frequency, per second)

A , B , C , D , E , F , G , H , I , J , K , L , M , N , O , P , Q , R , S , T , U , V , W , X , Y , Z

Letter I:

S.NoShort FormAbbrevations
1I/OInput / Output.
2IBMInternational Business Machines
3ICIntegrated Circuit
4ICMPInternet Control Message Protocol
5ICPInternet Cache Protocol
6IDEIntegrated Development Environment (Borland) + Integrated Drive Electronics + Intelligent Drive Electronics
7IEEEInstitute of Electrical and Electronic Engineer
8IEInternet Explorer
9IMAP4Internet Message Access Protocol Version 4
10IMAPInternet Message Access Protocol
12INTELIntegrated Electronics
13IOPInput Output Processor
14iOSiphone Operating System
15IPInternet Protocol.
16IPV4Internet Protocol Version 4
17IPV6Internet Protocol Version 6
19ISAIndustry Standard Architecture
20ISDNInternational Services Digital Network
21ISOInternational Standards Organisation.
22ISPInternet Service Provider
23ISRInterrupt Service Routine
24ITInformation Technology
25IVRInteractive Voice Response

A , B , C , D , E , F , G , H , I , J , K , L , M , N , O , P , Q , R , S , T , U , V , W , X , Y , Z

Letter J:

S.NoShort FormAbbrevations
1JADJava Application Descriptor/Development
2JARJava Archive
3JPEGJoint Photographic Expert Group
4JREJava Runtime Environment
6JSPJava Server Page

A , B , C , D , E , F , G , H , I , J , K , L , M , N , O , P , Q , R , S , T , U , V , W , X , Y , Z

Letter K:

S.NoShort FormAbbrevations
1KBDKey Board
2KBPSKilobits Per Second

A , B , C , D , E , F , G , H , I , J , K , L , M , N , O , P , Q , R , S , T , U , V , W , X , Y , Z

Letter L:

S.NoShort FormAbbrevations
1LANLocal Area Network.
2LCDLiquid Crystal Display.
3LEDLight Emitting Diode
4LINUX(Free-Source version of UNIX Operating system named after Linus Torvalds)
5LOCLines of Code
6LSBLeast Significant Bit
7LSILarge Scale Integration

A , B , C , D , E , F , G , H , I , J , K , L , M , N , O , P , Q , R , S , T , U , V , W , X , Y , Z

Letter M:

S.NoShort FormAbbrevations
1MACMedia Access Control
2MANETMobile Ad-Hoc Network
3MANMetropolitan Area Network.
4MBMega Byte.
5MbpsMegabits Per Second
6MDIMultiple Document Interface
7MDMake Directory (DOS/Unix)
8MDSMicrocomputer Development System
10MHzMega Hertz
11MICRMagnetic Ink Character Recognition
12MIMEMultipurpose Internet Mail Extensions
13MIPSMillion Intructions Per Second
14MMSMultimedia Messaging Service
16Mp3MPEG Audio Layer 3
17Mp4MPEG – 4 AVC (Advanced Video Coding)
18MPEGMoving Picture Experts Group
19MSBMost Significant Bit
20MSDNMicrosoft Developer Network
21MS-DOSMicrosoft - Disk Operating System
22MSIEMicrosoft Internet Explorer (Microsoft)

A , B , C , D , E , F , G , H , I , J , K , L , M , N , O , P , Q , R , S , T , U , V , W , X , Y , Z

Letter N:

S.NoShort FormAbbrevations
1NASSCOMNational Association of Software and Services Companies
2NCPNetwork Control Protocol
3NFSNetwork File System
4NICNetwork Interface Card
5NIITNational Institute of Information Technology
6NOSNetwork Operating System
7NTFSNew Technology File System

A , B , C , D , E , F , G , H , I , J , K , L , M , N , O , P , Q , R , S , T , U , V , W , X , Y , Z

Letter O:

S.NoShort FormAbbrevations
1OCROptical Character Recognition
2ODBCOpen Database Connectivity
3OLEObject Linking and Embedding
4OMROptical Mark Reader/Recognition
5OOPSObject Oriented Programming System
6OSIOpen System Interconnection
7OSOperating System
8OSSOpen Source Software

A , B , C , D , E , F , G , H , I , J , K , L , M , N , O , P , Q , R , S , T , U , V , W , X , Y , Z

Letter P:

S.NoShort FormAbbrevations
1P2PPoint to Point Protocol
2PANPersonal Area Network
3PAPPassword Authentication Protocol
5PCBPrinter Circuit Board
6PCIPeripheral Component Interconnect
7PCLPrinter Command Language
8PCPerosnal Computer
9PDAPersonal Digital Assistant
10PDFPortable Document Format
11PHPHypertext Preprocessor
13PIXELPicture Element
14PNGPortable Network Graphics
15PNPPlug and Play
16POP3Post Office Protocol Version3
17POPPost Office Protocol (protocol for distributing email)
18PPPPeer-to-Point Protocol
19PPTPPoint to Point Tunnelling Protocol
21PROMProgrammable Read Only Memory
22PSUPower Supply Unit

A , B , C , D , E , F , G , H , I , J , K , L , M , N , O , P , Q , R , S , T , U , V , W , X , Y , Z

Letter Q:

S.NoShort FormAbbrevations
1QoSQuality of Service

A , B , C , D , E , F , G , H , I , J , K , L , M , N , O , P , Q , R , S , T , U , V , W , X , Y , Z

Letter R:

S.NoShort FormAbbrevations
1RAIDRedundant Array of Inexpensive Disks
2RAMDACRandom Access Memory Digital to Analog Converter
3RAMRandom Access Memory
4RARPReverse Address Resolution Protocol
5RASRemote Access Services
6RDBMSRelational Data Base Management System
7RDRAMRambus Dynamic Random Access Memory
8RGBRed-Green-Blue (color model)
9RISCReduced Instruction Set Computer
10RJ-11Standard U.S. phone connector
11RJ-45Standard Ethernet connector
12ROMRead Only Memory
13ROTFL(rolling on the floor laughing; email)
14RTCReal Time Clock
15RTFRich Text Format

A , B , C , D , E , F , G , H , I , J , K , L , M , N , O , P , Q , R , S , T , U , V , W , X , Y , Z

Letter S:

S.NoShort FormAbbrevations
1SD RAMSynchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory
2SDKSoftware Development Kit
3SDLStorage Definition Langauge
4SDNSoftware-Defined Networking
5SDRAMSynchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory
6SDSLSymmetric Digital Subscriber Line
7SFTPSecure File Transfer Protocol
8SG RAMSynchronous Graphics Random Access Memory
9SGMLStandard Generalised Markup Language
10SIMMSingle In-line Memory Module
11SIMSubscriber Identity Module
12SIPSession Initiation Protocol
13SIUSerial Interface Unit
14SLIPSerial Line Interface Protocol
15SMPSSwitch Mode Power Supply
16SMSShort Message Service
17SMTPSimple Mail Transfer Protocol
18SQLStructured Query Language
19SRAMStatic Random Access Memory
20SSHSecure Shell
21SSLSecure Sockets Layer
22SVGASuper Video Graphics Array

A , B , C , D , E , F , G , H , I , J , K , L , M , N , O , P , Q , R , S , T , U , V , W , X , Y , Z

Letter T:

S.NoShort FormAbbrevations
2TCP/IPTransmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol
3TCPTransmission Control Protocol
4TDMATime-Division Multiple Access
5Tel NetTelecommunication Networking

A , B , C , D , E , F , G , H , I , J , K , L , M , N , O , P , Q , R , S , T , U , V , W , X , Y , Z

Letter U:

S.NoShort FormAbbrevations
1UACUser Account Control
2UAEUnrecoverable Application Error
3UARTUniversal Asynchronous Receiver/Transmitter
4UDMAUltra Direct Memory Access
5UDPUser Datagram Protocol
6UHFUltra High Frequency
7UIUser Interface
8UMLUnified Modeling Language
9UMTSUniversal Mobile Telecommunication System
10UNIXUniplexed Information and Computing Service
11UPSUninterruptible Power Supply
12URLUniform Resource Locator.
13URNUniform Resource Name
14USBUniversal Serial Bus.

A , B , C , D , E , F , G , H , I , J , K , L , M , N , O , P , Q , R , S , T , U , V , W , X , Y , Z

Letter V:

S.NoShort FormAbbrevations
1VBVisual Basic
2VCDVideo Compact Disc
3VDUVisual Display Unit
4VFATVirtual File Allocation Table (Microsoft)
5VFSVirtual File System
6VGAVideo Graphics Array
7VHFVery High Frequency
8VIRUSVital Information Resource Under Seized
9VLANVirtual Local Area Network
10VLSIVery Large Scale Integrated
11VOIPVoice Over Internet Protocol
12VPNVirtual Private Network
13VRAMVideo Random Access Memory

A , B , C , D , E , F , G , H , I , J , K , L , M , N , O , P , Q , R , S , T , U , V , W , X , Y , Z

Letter W:

S.NoShort FormAbbrevations
1WANWide Area Network.
2WAPWireless Application Protocol
3Wi-FiWireless Fidelity.
4WINSWindows Internet Name Service
5WLANWireless Local Area Network
6WMAWindows Media Audio
7WMLWireless Markup Language
8WMVWindows Media Video
9WORMWrite Once Read Many
10WPMWords Per Minute
11WWWWorld Wide Web

A , B , C , D , E , F , G , H , I , J , K , L , M , N , O , P , Q , R , S , T , U , V , W , X , Y , Z

Letter X:

S.NoShort FormAbbrevations
1XHTMLExtensible Hyper Text Markup Language
2XMLExtension Markup Language
3XSLExtensible Style Language
4XTExtended Technology

A , B , C , D , E , F , G , H , I , J , K , L , M , N , O , P , Q , R , S , T , U , V , W , X , Y , Z

Letter Y:

S.NoShort FormAbbrevations
1YahooYet Another Hierarchical Officious Oracle

A , B , C , D , E , F , G , H , I , J , K , L , M , N , O , P , Q , R , S , T , U , V , W , X , Y , Z

Letter Z:

S.NoShort FormAbbrevations
Rajashekar KankanalaRajashekarKankanala
Tuts Raja
NTR Colony

Mock Test Home

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