Rajashekar KankanalaRajashekarKankanalaTuts RajaNTR ColonyHyderabad, Telangana,500087India9110760272//www.tutsraja.com/
Showing posts with label EnglishLanguage. Show all posts
Showing posts with label EnglishLanguage. Show all posts

20 May, 2018

11 Types of Adverbs with Example

Types of adverbs

What is an Adverb? :

The adverb adds meaning to the verb. It gives us more information about the verb. The adverb tells us how, where, when, what manner, and to what extent, an action is performed in the sentence. Which are used to express how an action is performed?

Adverb Definition and Examples:

An adverb is a word or phrase that modifies the meaning of an adjective, verb, or other parts of speech. Some adverbs can also be used to modify whole sentences.

We can easily identify the availability of adverb in the sentence by simple analysis. If any word in the sentence is describing the verb, adjective, it is an adverb and also we can recognize by looking the word ending with ly. It is primary analysis for the adverb. Some words may not end with ly.

Examples of adverbs ends with ly words are angrily, happily, foolishly etc. Some are without ly word forms are more, less, never, fast etc.

Adverb is expressing manner, place, time, or degree.

Adverb words are gently, here, now, very.

Adverb Examples:

  • I have met him before
  • Do it right now
  • He has already completed his work.
  • They arrived at the party late.
  • When will you leave for Hyderabad?

Note:
We have to keep adverb generally before the verb form.

Let’s see types of adverbs,

  1. Adverb of Time
  2. Adverb of Frequency
  3. Adverb of Place
  4. Adverb of Manner
  5. Adverb of Degree
  6. Adverb of Number
  7. Adverb of Reason
  8. Adverb of Comment
  9. Adverb of Affirmation and Negation
  10. Adverb of Probability
  11. Adverb of Conjunction

1. Adverb of Time:

An adverb of time tells us when an action happens or someone had been done something or time of happenings or time of something is done in the sentence.

Adverb of time is used at the beginning or end of the sentence. We use it as a form of emphasis when we place it at the beginning. Most of the adverb of time ends with ly.

Adverb of time words are today, last night, yesterday, now, tomorrow, last month, before, already, afterward, immediately, always, last month, soon, then, now, and yesterday, afterward, already, always, immediately, last month, now, soon, then, and yesterday.

Ago - After the word if qualifies.
Before - Before the word

Note: For transitive throw adverb out of the sentence.
For the intransitive word, we have to keep, adverb on the side.

Adverb of Time Examples:

  • I study newspaper today
  • She met her friends last night
  • Yesterday he went to shopping mall.
  • Now I am watching the news.

2. Adverb of Frequency:

Adverb of frequency is used to expresses, how often something happens or something is done or someone does something or something happens in the sentence.

Adverb of frequency words are nearly, nearly always, never, occasionally, often, rarely, seldom, sometimes, twice, usually, and weekly, almost, again, frequently, generally, ever, hardly ever, nearly, nearly always, always, occasionally, often, rarely, never, seldom, twice, usually, sometimes, and weekly, again, hardly ever, almost, generally, always, frequently, ever.

Adverb of Frequency Examples:

  • They always do their homework at night.
  • Our cat was bitten twice by the same dog.
  • The man usually proposes marriage.
  • My parents were almost thirty when I born.
  • He studies hardly during holidays.
  • He told that he will never talk to me.
  • I talk to my neighbors very occasionally.

3. Adverb of Place:

Adverb of the place tells us, where something happens or where something is done or happens in the sentence or where someone does something. It is used generally after the verb, object or end of the sentence.

Adverb of place words are outside, below, here, above, inside, outside, there, over there, under, upstairs, above, below, here, outside, over there, there, under, upstairs etc.

Adverb of Place Examples:

  • My dog sleeps outside
  • We have the meeting inside the park
  • We need to stop here for dinner
  • He was eating under the table
  • Birds fly above in the sky

4. Adverb of Manner:

Adverb of Manner tells us about the way something happens or something is done or how an action happens or something happens in a sentence. Adverb of manner words are often formed from adjectives by adding –ly.

Adverb of manner words are badly, happily, sadly, slowly, quickly, cheerfully, badly, quickly, happily, angrily, sadly, slowly, beautifully, carefully, lately, hardly.

Some other adverbs of manner words are well, hard, fast, fast, well, hard, late, hard, truly, fast.

Adverb of Manner Examples:

  • His performance is well at last night.
  • She sings beautifully.
  • He runs quickly.
  • She hardly believes you.
  • He lately goes to the USA.
  • The brothers were badly injured in the fight.
  • I went to school cheerfully.
  • He runs fast.
  • We celebrated teacher's day happily.

WARNING: Don’t use the adverb after Linking Verb.

Note: Order of adverbs are Adverb of manner > place >time.


5. Adverb of Degree:

Adverb of degree, is tells us about the level or extent of something, is done or degree of something or happens in the sentence. It is used before the adjective or adverb.

Adverb of degree words are Very, quite, fairly, extremely, too, enough, so, almost, a lot, Softly, fully, completely.

Adverb of Degree Examples:

  • Almost very beautiful
  • My friends talk a lot.
  • The economy grows extremely.
  • My boss treats all workers fairly.
  • Children study English, too.
  • She seems too hungry.
  • I feel too much better.
  • I am quite

6 Adverb of Number:

Adverb of number, show the number of activities of the verb in a sentence.

Adverbs of number words are firstly, secondly, once, yearly, never, twice, lastly etc.

Adverb of Number Examples:

  • I eat food twice a day.
  • He saw me once.

7 Adverb of Reason:

Adverb of the reason, express the reason for something or answer the question or purpose of an action in the sentence.

Adverbs of reason words are since, therefore, so, hence, consequently, thus etc

Adverb of Reason Examples:

  • I was working hard, therefore, I qualified.
  • I am working here since 2017

8 Adverb of Comment:

Adverb of comment can change and describe the verb as well as influence the whole sentence. It can comment on the entire sentence.

Adverbs of comment words are fortunately, unfortunately, patiently, honestly, obviously, constantly etc.

Adverb of Comment Examples:

  • Luckily, I got admission in the top college.
  • Obviously, it is the wrong way to do.
  • We happily celebrated the birthday of our class teacher.

9. Adverb of Affirmation and Negation:

Adverb of affirmation and negation is an adverb which confirms or denies the action of the verb in the sentence. It is also used to reinforce the action of the verb.

Adverbs of affirmation words are definitely, surely, absolutely etc.

Adverbs of denial or negation words are no, can’t, don’t, never etc.

Adverb of Affirmation and Negation Examples:

  • I will certainly go to the school. (Adverb of affirmation)
  • I never leave you alone. (Adverb of negation)

10 Adverb of Probability:

Adverb of probability is a word, which show how sure, when someone does something.

Adverb of probability words are probably, perhaps, definitely, obviously, certainly, truly, exactly.

Adverb of Probability Examples:

  • Perhaps she comes today.
  • She will probably get married next year.

11 Adverb of Conjunction

Adverb of conjunction words are used to connect the ideas or clauses. It shows effect, sequence, contrast, cause or other relationships between two clauses in the sentence.

It requires a semicolon (;) to conjugate two clauses.

Adverbs of conjunction words are anyway, conversely, accordingly, consequently, consequently, additionally, again, certainly, contrarily, besides, almost, as a result.

Adverb of Conjunction Examples:

  • Clause 1: He was going to attend an important meeting.
  • Clause 2: He made sure to attend a meeting on time.

Finally, Remember List of Adverbs:

Adverb of time - today, last night, yesterday, now, tomorrow, last month.
Adverb of frequency - nearly, nearly always, never, occasionally, often, rarely.
Adverbs of place - below, here, above, inside, outside.
Adverb of manner - badly, happily, sadly, slowly, quickly, cheerfully, badly, well, hard, fast.
Adverb of degree - Very, quite, fairly, extremely, too, enough, so, almost, a lot.
Adverb of degree - Very, quite, fairly, extremely, too, enough, so, almost, a lot, Softly.
Adverbs of number - firstly, secondly, once, yearly, never, twice, lastly.
Adverbs of reason - since, therefore, so, hence, consequently, thus.
Adverbs of comment - fortunately, unfortunately, patiently, honestly, obviously, constantly.
Adverbs of affirmation - definitely, surely, absolutely.
Adverbs of denial or negation - no, can’t, don’t, never.
Adverb of probability - probably, perhaps, definitely, obviously, certainly, truly, exactly.
Adverbs of conjunction - anyway, conversely, accordingly, consequently, consequently, additionally.

Types of Aderbs - English Language Quiz

Rajashekar KankanalaRajashekarKankanala
Tuts Raja
NTR Colony
Hyderabad,Telangana,500087India
9110760272
http://www.tutsraja.com/

16 May, 2018

10 Types of Verb Forms with Examples

Types of verbs

Verb Definition and Examples:

A verb form is an action word. It is used to describe an action, state, or occurrence. A verb used in forming the tenses, moods, and voices of other. Let’s see English verbs list.

Physical action verbs list - Run, talk, dance, shout, cook.

Mental action verbs - Think, believe, fear, want, wonder.

Linking verbs - Am, is, are, was.

Here I will give you, 10 example of the verb. Above I gave you list of verbs. Now I will provide verb examples in sentences. Here is a verb example list.

E.g.

  • He is walking
  • He is sleeping
  • He had a pen
  • Please call your dad.
  • I was late for office yesterday.
  • I am twenty-seven years old.
  • He is a great dancer.
  • These boys are good
  • He was planning to go on tour.
  • It is a great feeling to win the award.

Let’s see 10 types of Verbs.

  1. Main Verb or Action Verbs
  2. Transitive Verbs
  3. Intransitive Verbs
  4. Regular Verbs
  5. Irregular Verbs
  6. Modal verbs
  7. Phrasal Verbs
  8. Auxiliary verbs or Helping verbs
  9. Linking Verbs
  10. Stative Verbs or State Verbs

1. Main Verb or Action Verbs:

The main verb can express physical or mental action. It describes what the subject of a sentence is doing physically or mentally. So action verbs or Main verbs are used to express action.

Action verbs express a particular action at any time to show action. That may be discussing with something or someone.

Action verbs are give, eat, walk etc. Possession verbs are have, own etc.

E.g.

  • I hear the train coming.
  • The sun shines.
  • The monkey jumps.
  • Call me when you’re finished with class.

Action verbs can be either transitive or intransitive. Let's see,
i) Transitive Verbs (Vt)
ii) Transitive verbs (Vi)

2. Transitive Verbs:

It requires one or more objects. Transitive verbs can be classified by the number of objects they require.

A transitive verb always has a noun that receives the action of the verb. It is called the direct object.

Transitive verbs are action verbs that can attach directly to a noun.

Transitive verbs are action verbs that always express doable activities. A verb needs an object to make complete sense is called a transitive verb.

E.g.

  • The teacher made the question paper.
  • Sweaty cut the cake.

3. Intransitive Verbs:

An intransitive verb has two characteristics. Let’s see one after other.

First one is an action verb. It is expressing doable activities like arrive, go, lie, sneeze, sit, die, etc. Intransitive verbs are action verbs that always express doable activities.

No direct object follows an intransitive verb.

The second one is unlike a transitive verb. It will not have a direct object receiving the action. Intransitive verbs are action verbs, cannot attach directly to a noun. It requires the help of a preposition.

For example, as in walk to the store, comply with the regulations, proceed with the inquiry.

E.g.

  • Mr. Becker jogs every day.
  • The wicked hunter was hiding.
  • Priya looks very beautiful.
  • Mr. John speaks loudly.
  • The ship sank rapidly.
  • The department store opens at six o’clock.
  • Mr. Ben is driving carefully.
  • The wind blew strongly.

4. Regular Verbs:

Most of the verbs are regular verbs. Regular verbs are formed by adding –d or –ed to the end of the verb form. It will change the past tense and past participles.

Regular verbs are call, laugh, love.

5. Irregular Verbs

Irregular verbs are those that don’t take on the regular spelling patterns of past simple and past participle verbs.

Irregular verbs are Bet, Bid, Burst, Bust, Cast, Cut, Hit, Hurt, Let, Preset, Put, Quit, Read, Set, Shed, break, broke, broken, cut, run, meet, come, repay, swim, be was.

6. Modal verbs:

Modal verbs are also known as auxiliary verbs that are used to express abilities, possibilities, permissions, and obligations.

Be, do, have are similar to the auxiliary verbs because they help the main verb in a sentence. They are different because they each have a special meaning.

Here may means maybe, can't means impossible or unable, and should is asking for advice.

Modal verbs are must, shall, will, should, would, can, could, may, and might.

Model auxiliary verb are Ought to, need, dare.

Note: V2 is king of the English word.

Am is, are used for structural manner but some case, we are using sense manner.

E.g.

  • she was completed PG.
  • She is completed - Completed (time).
  • She has completed - Completed his work (no time)

Have - Plural subject.
Had - Used for whole subject
May - Asking permission
Can - Giving permission
May/Might - Least capability
Can/Could – Capability / request
Should - Advice
Could – Most request able word.
Shall – I or we Subjects. Normal action
Will – All subjects, used for future planned activities.
Must - Compulsory
Ought to – Compulsory/expected
Need - Emergency
Dare - Shows capability/ Capacity.

The verb can be served as either main verb or auxiliary verb. When it acts as the main verb, it typically couples a grammatical subject with an adjective.

E.g.
The book is on the table

7. Phrasal Verbs

Phrasal verbs aren’t single words. Phrasal verbs are combinations of words. Those are used together to take on a different meaning.

Phrasal verbs are ask out, ask around, add up to, back up, break down, cut off, look forward to etc

8. Auxiliary Verb or Helping Verb

Auxiliary verbs are used to change the tenses and make questions. The auxiliary verb is used together with the main verb. It helps the main verb of a sentence. So we can conclude, auxiliary verbs are also known as helping verbs.

Auxiliary verb be is used to indicate the continuous and the passive voice.

Auxiliary verbs express necessity or possibility.

The primary auxiliary verbs in English are be, do, have.

The modal auxiliary verbs are can, could, may, might, must, shall, should, will, and would.

Let’s see auxiliary verb categories.

Have: have, has, and had
Do: do, does, did
Be forms: am, is, are, was, were, be, been,

We are learning about helping verbs. (Are: helping verb; learning: main verb)
We are in the Green House Club. (Are: helping verb)
You should complete the work by tomorrow. (Should: helping verb; complete: main verb)

9. Linking Verbs:

Linking verbs connect a noun (or pronoun) to words that describe it, expressing a state of being or a condition. State of being verbs is also known as linking verbs.

Linking verbs are non be verbs that link a grammatical subject to an adjective.

This noun or adjective is called the subject complement. Linking verbs explain a link between the subject of the sentence and a noun or adjective.

Common linking verbs are appear, become, feel, grow, look, become, remain, seem, smell, sound, stay, taste, turn.

E.g.

  • Watermelon tastes good, to a noun
  • She seems an honest woman, or to a phrase
  • He looks out of sorts.
  • The flowers are bright.
  • Diamond is the hardest substance.
  • I feel scared.

10. Stative Verbs or State Verbs:

Stative verbs express a state rather than an action. Stative Verbs are related to thoughts, emotions, relationships, senses, states of being and measurements.

Stative Verbs are like, know, belong, love, realize, fit, hate, suppose, contain, want, mean, consist, need, understand, seem, prefer, believe, and depend.

To-infinitives:

Whatever the action is confirming to takes place in the future.

E.g.

  • It is easy to understand
  • It is good to ride

Note: It is cleaver to maintain such type of things

To primitives:

Whatever the action, which was completed.

E.g. I read book.

Note: to-infinitives are followed by the adjective.


Types of Verbs - English Language Quiz

Rajashekar KankanalaRajashekarKankanala
Tuts Raja
NTR Colony
Hyderabad,Telangana,500087India
9110760272
http://www.tutsraja.com/

26 April, 2018

10 Types of Pronouns with Examples

Types of Pronouns

Pronoun:

The pronoun is a word used instead of a noun. It is proving advancement of the noun. The pronoun is adding pro feature to a noun. The pro feature avoids repetition of a noun. I have provided enough information of 10 types of nouns with examples

There are ten kinds of pronouns. You will see all the pronouns with an example in later.

Let’s see the basic example of a pronoun.

E.g.
Kalyani is a singer. She is my friend.
I like her voice.

Let’s see 10 types of Pronouns.

  1. Personal Pronouns
  2. Possessive Pronoun
  3. Reflexive Pronoun
  4. Emphatic Pronouns
  5. Interrogative pronoun
  6. Indefinite pronouns
  7. Relative pronoun
  8. Demonstrative Pronouns
  9. Reciprocal Pronouns
  10. Intensive Pronouns

1. Personal Pronouns:

Personal pronouns are used for people or things. This type of pronouns may be used in place of subjective or objective.

E.g. I, you, he, she, it, we, they, me, him, her, us, them.

Personal pronouns are divided into two categories.

Let’s see,

  1. Subjective Pronouns
  2. Objective Pronouns

I). Subjective Pronouns:

Subjective pronouns are used as a subject of a sentence. The sentence starts with a subjective pronoun.

The subjective pronouns are I, you, he, she, it, we, they, who, what.

E.g.
I love india
He is a doctor.
She plays cricket.
It looks good.

II). Objective Pronouns:

Objective pronouns are used as an object of a sentence. The sentence ends with objective pronouns.

The objective pronouns are Me, It, Her, His, him, Us, You, Them, Whom.

E.g.
Are you calling me ?
She is telling something to him.

2. Possessive Pronoun:

Do you know the possessive meaning? I am expecting. You already know this word but I will explain again. Possessive means something is mine or somebody. This pronoun showing ownership.

The possessive pronouns are yours, mine, hers, his, ours, theirs.

E.g.
the big house is ours.
The red pen is mine.

3. Reflexive Pronoun:

Reflexive means referring back to itself. Affects the person who performs the action is the reflexive pronoun. Reflexive pronoun always ends with self word.

The reflexive pronouns are myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, and themselves.

E.g.
She hangs herself.
He trusts himself
She could hurt herself
They injured themselves by playing cricket

Note:

  1. It should be used verb transitive pronoun forms
  2. The reflexive pronoun should keep the after verb form.
  3. The reflexive pronoun should not be used as a subject of a sentence.

If you want use reflexive pronoun you must use transitive verb (vt).

E.g.
He walks (vi)
He walks the horse (vt)

Vi=intransitive verb
Vt= transitive verb

Verb transitive(vt):

Action should be transferred to object.

E.g. he walks/vt the horse

Note: A word last two letters contain ed i.e Verb transitive (vt).

Another name of verb transitive is regular word.

The verb intransitive(vi):

There is no action should not be transferred to the object form.

Note: Without ed forms is called verb intransitive.

E.g. he walks/vi

4. Emphatic pronoun:

Emphatic pronoun means forcefully and definite in expression or action. It is used for highlighting, stressing or emphasizing the pronoun. It is used without changing the sense of a sentence.

Emphatic pronouns are myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, and themselves.

Note:

  1. This is same as the reflexive pronoun.
  2. This should be used after the subjective form with function mark, without function mark there is no meaning.
  3. This is used form emphasizing its antecedent.

E.g.
Children do their homework themselves.
I like myself a lot.

E.g. my sister along with her friend is doing the job in Delhi with her own expenses.

Note:
If two nouns or pronouns are adding by along with, as well as, besides, in addition to and simple with then we have to take helping verb, main verb and a possessive case of the pronoun according to the 1st subject of the sentence.

E.g.
Neither the government nor the people are conserving ground level of water with their opinions.

Note: If two nouns or pronouns adding by neither nor, either or and not only but also, then we have to take helping verb, main verb, possessive case of the pronoun according to the 2nd subject of the sentence.

5. Interrogative pronoun:

Interrogative pronoun means, it is a sentence of inquiry that asks reply.

The interrogative pronouns are Whoever, whatever, whichever, whomever, who, whom, which, what<.

Note:
Who and whom two words are used for the people.
Which and what two words are used for animal and things

E.g.
What is your college name?
Which mobile phone did you buy?
Who is your teacher?
What did she say to you?
what is the car name?
Who are you ?
Why did you come here ?

Note:
What – verb general case
Whom – by special case
Who – for all persons
Which - used for the special case
Why – any question

6. Indefinite pronouns:

Indefinite means not exact or clear. Indefinite pronouns do not refer to any specific person or thing.

Let’s see words of Indefinite pronouns.

anything, another, anybody, anyone, any of, everyone, all, both, everybody, each, everyone, everything, either, each of, enough, few, many, many of, none, other, several, somebody, someone, something, no one, nothing, little, more, much, such.

E.g.

  • Do you have anything ?
  • Everybody wanted to go home.
  • There is something in my shoe

7. Relative pronoun:

Relative means related to something. Relative pronouns are used to add different parts of the sentence.

The relative pronouns are who, whom, whose, which, that, what, whatever, whoever, whomever, whichever.

It is a word which joins main class to subordinate class according to the situation.

E.g.

  • The book that you gave me was really boring

8. Demonstrative Pronouns:

Demonstrative pronouns mean making something clear and also point out the people or things. We have four demonstrative pronouns.

The demonstrative pronouns are this, that, these, those.

Note:

This and these are used to talk about things that are near in space or time. That and those are used to talk about things that are farther away in space or time.

E.g.

  • This is the report I want.
  • This is my book
  • That pen is mine
  • Those are my friends
  • These are my belongings

9. Reciprocal Pronouns:

Reciprocal means that two people or groups do the same thing to each other. They treat each other in the same way.

We have two reciprocal pronouns.

Let’s see.
1) Each other.
2) One another.

E.g.
Laxmi helps Divya, and Divya helps Laxmi.

Note: They are helping each other so we can say, Laxmi and Divya help each other.

E.g.

  • The cat and the dog like each other.
  • We must stop fighting one another.

10. Intensive Pronouns:

Intensive means giving force or emphasis. The intensive pronoun is used for emphasis or emphasizes the subject of the sentence.

Intensive pronouns are myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, and themselves.

E.g. I prepared myself.

Remember List of Pronouns

****Pronoun_Name****Pronoun Words
Subjective pronounI, We, You, He, She, It, Them
Objective PronounMe, Us, You, Him, Her, It, Them
Possessive PronounMy, Mine, Our, Your, His, Her, It, Their
Reflexive PronounMyself, our self, Yourself, Himself, Herself, Itself, Themselves
Emphatic PronounsMyself, our self, Yourself, Himself, Herself, Itself, Themselves
Demonstrative PronounsThis, that, those, these
Interrogative Pronounswho, whom, which, what, whose, whoever, whatever, whichever, whomever.
Relative Pronounswhatever, whoever, whomever, whichever, who, whom, whose, which, that, what.
Reciprocal PronounsEach other, one another.
Intensive Pronounsmyself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, themselves.
Indefinite Pronounsanything, another, anybody, anyone, any of, everyone, all, both, everybody, each, everyone, everything, either, each of, enough, few, many, many of, none, other, several, somebody, someone, something, no one, nothing, little, more, much, such.

You know in English there are three persons those are 1st Person, 2nd Person, and 3rd Person. These pronouns are used in place of subjective and objective.

1st, 2nd, and 3rd Persons

Person NoSingular PronounsPlural Pronouns
1st PersonIMeUsWe
2nd PersonYouYouYouYou
3rd PersonHeHimTheyThem
Sheher
itit
The Order of The Subjective Pronouns:
  • You, she and I for positive work
  • I, you, and she for negative work

E.g.

I and she are doing a job

She and i are doing a job

I, she, and you are doing a project work.

You, she, and I are doing a project work

Types of Pronouns - English Language Quiz

Rajashekar KankanalaRajashekarKankanala
Tuts Raja
NTR Colony
Hyderabad,Telangana,500087India
9110760272
http://www.tutsraja.com/

03 March, 2018

10 Types of Nouns with Examples in English Language

10 Types of nouns

The noun is a naming word. 10 different types of nouns with examples are in the English language. You all need to know all 10 types of nouns. A Noun is a part of speech in the English language. We are providing the advanced classification of nouns. The main aim of this article is for competitive exams.

Noun:

The noun is a name of person, place, things, and animals. The noun is a naming word referring to a person, place, things, ideas, and animals.

I will give you a clear brief explanation of noun i.e. Name of anything is a noun.

E.g.
Iron is a metal
Hyderabad is big city
Tiger is a ferocious animal

Now I would like to discuss more in detail about types of nouns. Let’s see how many different types of nouns and what is the difference between the nouns.

Nouns are classified into different types, because of remembering and understanding purpose only not more than that.

If you don’t know anything about types of nouns, don’t panic here you will know with the basic explanation.

Nouns are classified into 10 types. Let’s see what are they?


1. Proper noun:

The proper noun is a name of a particular/specific person, place, or animals.

E.g.
Raja is a good boy.
Ashwini is a beautiful girl.
INDIA is a country.

Do you know how to find proper noun while studying newspaper or book?

Note:The proper noun always starts with the capital letter or whole word is capital letters.


2. Common noun:

Common noun is common thing name or group name of something. I will give you common name examples with brief explanation.

Supriya,Divya, and Laxmi. What is the common between them?

All names are about girls, Am I correct?

I have given one name instead of calling each name i.e. Girls. It is a common name for any number of girls.

E.g. boy, girl, people

Do you know, how to find common noun while reading book?

Note: The common noun word starts with a small letter only.


3. Material Noun:

The material noun is telling itself in that word only. The material is a thing that may be an iron rod, cell phone, table etc.

Anything that made with the material is nothing but a material noun.

Let’s see one example, wooden table. The table is made of the material that wood that comes from the tree.

E.g. Tongs, scissors, spectacles, shoes, binoculars, trousers, jeans, gloves

Note: Don’t take the material noun as a possessive.


4. Possessive Noun:

The possessive noun is shows ownership between thing and person. Meaning of possessive is something is mine. Let’s see possessive examples. The book is mine, the pen is yours.

Do you know how to identify possessive nouns?

Mostly possessive nouns end with the single quotation mark and s (‘s).

E.g. Mom’s book, Dad’s car, Raja’s pen

5. Abstract Noun (Concrete Nouns):

An abstract noun is in no physical sense. The abstract noun is referring to smell, idea, feelings, concepts etc.

Let’s see single sentence brief explanation. No physical sense i.e. abstract noun or it is the name of a quality, action or state.

E.g. Music, grammar, chemistry, arts, sciences, adjectives, kindness, honesty, bravery, goodness, judgment, hatred, Childhood, boyhood, youth, slavery, sleep, sickness, death, poverty.

6. Collective nouns:

Collection noun is the collection of something. It is the name of number or collection of persons. Collection of things are taken together and spoken as one name for the whole. It is a name of the group.

E.g.
A fleet - A collection of ships or vessels.
An army – A collection of soldiers
A crowd – a collection of people
Jury – a group of judge
A herd – a group of cattle
A flock – a group of cattle
A bunch – collection of flowers or keys

7. Countable noun:

The countable noun is about able to count something. Let’s see one example (pen). We can count one pen, two pens etc. What you are able to count, i.e. countable noun.

E.g. Cup, Pen, Book, and Mobile

Note: Don’t use any article before plural countable.
You can use any article, before a countable noun.


8. Uncountable noun:

The uncountable noun is unable to count something. Let’s see one example (water). We cannot count water. What you're unable to count, i.e. uncountable noun.

E.g. Water, Sugar, Wood, Plastic, Happiness, Time, Information, Air, Oxygen

Note: Don’t use any article before the uncountable noun.


9. Singular and plural nouns:

You know something about singular and plural nouns. No need to tell basics about singular and plural nouns.

Every singular word should not end with S. If any word ends with S, that is the plural word. Are you thinking like this? You’re wrong.

Again, every plural word ends with S. Are you thinking like this? This is also wrong.

I will change your thinking limitations with some examples.

Different types of plural nouns not ending with S

Childchildren
Oxoxen
Spoonfulspoonfuls
Son in lawsons in law
Commander in chiefcommanders in chief
Manmen
Womanwomen

Words are looking like plural words but the singular word:

Electronics news economics
mathematics subjects diabetics
meastes rickets billiards
droughts aids

Some words are acting both singular & plural:

Species Aircraft Fish
Spacecraft Water People

Some words are looking singular but plural:

Police People Public
Poultry Gentry Pleasantry
ArtilleryInfantry

Some words are unable to express in plural form:

Luggage Baggage Knowledge
Work Brick

10. Gender Nouns:

Gender nouns are related to gender. Genders are classified into three type's, Masculine gender, feminine gender, and common or neuter gender. Masculine gender is male. Feminine gender is female. Common or neuter gender parents (Male and females).

Let’s see some example of genders.

Masculine genderfeminine genderneuter gender
Father mother parents
Actor actress
Manager manageress
Mayor Mayoress
Taylor tayloress
Conductor conductoress
Land lord landlady
Gentleman lady
Dog bitch
Drone been
Bachelor maiden
Fox vixen

Note: Violence and greatness – masculine gender

E.g. Sun, summer, death, winter

Note: Beatiness, gentleness, kindness – feminine gender

E.g. moon, nature, earth, autumn

Note: Huge type takes feminine gender:

E.g. hug in size: train, aero plane

Types of Nouns - English Language Quiz

Rajashekar KankanalaRajashekarKankanala
Tuts Raja
NTR Colony
Hyderabad,Telangana,500087India
9110760272
http://www.tutsraja.com/

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