Rajashekar KankanalaRajashekarKankanalaTuts RajaNTR ColonyHyderabad, Telangana,500087India9110760272//www.tutsraja.com/
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Showing posts with label StaticGK. Show all posts

15 November, 2019

Revolutions of India

Revolutions in India and Their Father

The Revolution word comes from Latin and is related to the word revolutio, which means a turnaround.

Some people feel unhappy with their lives, some are not happy with the whole system. Those people join together to share ideas and make something change. Sometimes revolutions may or may not include fighting.

Types of Revolutions in India

The Revolution is a successful attempt made by people. The large group of people does an activity to change the political system of their country by force. Let's see in detailed revolutions in india.

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1. Black revolution:

Crude-Oil

The black revolution is related to Crude oil, Petrol Production. The basic aim of the black revolution is to increase the amount of crude oil production.

The Indian govt plans to accelerate the production of ethanol and produced biodiesel.

Revolution Name: Black revolution
Related Product: Crude oil, Petrol Production
Father of Revolution: Unknown

2. Blue revolution:

Blue revolution

The blue revolution is related to Fish and Aqua Production. The father of the blue revolution is Dr. Arun Krishnan. The blue revolution word refers to the remarkable emergence of aquaculture and highly productive agricultural activity.

Aquaculture refers to the all forms of active culturing of aquatic animals and plants in marine, brackish, or freshwater.

Revolution Name: Blue revolution
Related Product: Fish and Aqua Production
Father of Revolution: Dr. Arun krishnan

3. Brown revolution:

Brown revolution

The brown revolution is related to organic farming and improving soil quality. The brown revolution is also being associated with the increase in the production of coffee, development of leather industry and cocoa production.

Revolution Name: Brown revolution
Related Product: organic farming, Leather, Cocoa Production
Father of Revolution: Unknown

4. Golden fiber revolution

Golden fiber revolution

The golden fiber revolution is related to jute production. Jute is a natural fiber with a golden and long, soft, silky shine. Jute is also known as a golden fiber because of its colors and high cash value. Jute is the cheapest fiber procured from the skin of the plant’s stem.

Jute is the second most important vegetable fiber in usage, consumption, production, and availability, after cotton. Jute is started being used in the fabric industry during the industrial revolution. The processed jute is used for making strong threads and other jute products until today.

Revolution Name: Golden fiber revolution
Related Product: Jute Production
Father of Revolution: Unknown

5. Golden revolution Fruits

Golden revolution Fruits

The golden revolution fruits related to Overall honey, horticulture production. The father of golden revolution is nirpakh tutej. The horticulture sector is the most dynamic and sustainable segment of agriculture.

In India the golden revolution period between 1991 to 2003. During the golden revolution, there is a huge production of fruits and other products. It covers a wide spectrum of crops like fruits.

Revolution Name: Golden revolution Fruits
Related Product: Honey, Horticulture Production
Father of Revolution: Nirpakh tutej

6. Green revolution

Green revolution

The green revolution is related to agricultural producition. The father of green revolution is norman borlong. The green revolution refers to the high yielding variety of seeds and increased use of fertilizer and irrigation methods.

The green revolution is the third agricultural revolution. It is a set of research, technology transfer initiatives period of the 1950s to the late 1960s. During the period increased agricultural production.

The main aim of the green revolution is to increase production to make India self-sufficient in food grains.

Revolution Name: Green revolution
Related Product: Agriculture Production
Father of Revolution: Norman borlong

7. Green Gold Revolution

Green Gold Revolution

The green golden revolution is related to promotion of bamboo plants. The green gold revolution for promotion and trade of bamboo plants to increase the economic growth of northeast India.

The Bamboo is called as green gold. It is a wonderful plant that is converted from a single plant to green gold.

Revolution Name: Green Gold Revolution
Related Product: Promotion and trade of Bamboo
Father of Revolution: Unknown

8. Gray revolution

Gray revolution

The gray revolution is related to fertilizers. The grey revolution refers to increased fertilizer production and the sustainable development of fertilizers. it’s related to the mal effects of the green revolution of India.

Revolution Name: Gray revolution
Related Product: Fertilizers
Father of Revolution: Unknown

9. Pink revolution:

 Pink revolution

The pink revolution is related to Pharmaceuticals, Prawns Production. The father of pink revolution is durgesh patel. The pink revolution refers to natural minerals and vitamins. The important role of minerals and vitamins to increase the capacity of resistance.

Revolution Name: Pink revolutionOnions
Related Product: Pharmaceuticals, Prawns Production
Father of Revolution: Durgesh Patel

10. Red revolution:

Red revolution

The red revolution is related to Meat, Tomoto Production. The red revolution is the technological revolution in the field of meat and tomato production. During the red revolution, tomato increases rapidly, including high export growth and better domestic production.

Revolution Name: Red revolution
Related Product: Meat, Tomoto Production
Father of Revolution: Visual tewari

11. Evergreen revolution

Evergreen revolution

The evergreen revolution is related to Intended for overall agriculture production growth Started in 11th 5 year plan. The father of the evergreen revolution is Swaminathan.

The highlights of the evergreen revolution are to increase production and productivity in short and long term goals for food productions. During this period the main aim is to produce more from less land, less pesticide, less water.

This revolution supports better disease crops, better soil health, and fertility without having chemical fertilizers and the use of biological controls to reduce damage caused by pesticides.

Revolution Name: Evergreen revolution
Related Product: Intended for overall agriculture production growth Started in 11th 5 year plan.
Father of Revolution: M.S Swaminathan

12. Round revolution

Round revolution

the round revolution is related to potato prodution. The round revolution is adopted by the government of India to increase in production of potato. The main aim of this resolution is to make doubled or tripled production in a single annual increase.

Revolution Name: Round revolution
Related Product: Potato Production
Father of Revolution: Unknown

13. Silver fiber revolution

Silver fiber revolution

The Silver fiber revolution is related to cotton production. The silver revolution is to increase production of cotton.

The period of 1999 to 2000 cotton in our country is 87.30 lakh hectors. Thereafter decreased to 77.85 lakh hectors in the period of 2003 to 2004.

During this revolution higher prices fetched by farmers and a large scale of bt hybrids, more acreages were covered by cotton in the period of 2007 to 2008. Due to this revolution, India becomes the 2nd largest producer of cotton.

Revolution Name: Silver fiber revolution
Related Product: Cotton Production
Father of Revolution: Unknown

14. Silver revolution

Silver revolution

The Silver revolution is related to Eggs/Poultry Production. The period of silver revolution time production of eggs was tremendously increased. It was done with the help of medical science and more protein-rich food for the hens.

Revolution Name: Silver revolution
Related Product: Eggs/Poultry Production
Father of Revolution: Indira Gandhi

15. White revolution

White revolution

The white revolution is related to Milk/Dairy Production. The father of white revolution is verghese kurien. He was a social entrepreneur. The billion-liter idea is the worlds largest agricultural dairy development program made to the world’s largest milk producer.

The double milk available per person within 30 years of the white revolution. It has many benefits such as income, employment, nutrition, education, health, empowerment, etc. The operation flood launched in India in 1970 is the dairy development board (NDDB). It is the world’s biggest dairy development program.

Revolution Name: White revolution
Related Product: Milk/Dairy Production
Father of Revolution: Verghese kurien

16. Yellow revolution

Yellow revolution

The yellow revolution is related to Oil Seeds Production. The father of yellow revolution is sam pitroda. The yellow revolution is to increase the production of oil seeds like mustard, sesame, etc.

The oilseeds sudden increase in India has witnessed a dramatic turn because of hybrid oil seeds. India achieved a self-sufficient status and became an exporter.

It rises importer to exporter mere annual production. Production improvement created a record within a decade. The revolution has institutional support particularly setup of the technology mission on oilseeds.

Revolution Name: Yellow revolution
Related Product: Oil Seeds Production
Father of Revolution: Sam Pitroda

17. Protein revolution

Protein revolution

The Protein revolution is related to Higher production (2nd green revolution). The protein is very important after water. It is a very important micronutrient on earth for human existence and health. Protein is a component required for everybody’s cell in the body. It uses to build and repair tissues.

Revolution Name: Protein revolution
Related Product: Higher production (2nd green revolution)
Father of Revolution: Unknown

Revolutions Defination:

The revolution is a fundamental change in organizational structure that takes place in a short period of time. Revolution is necessary when the population rises up. A revolution is an event that attempts to change a nation, region or society.

Revolutions Meaning:

Revolutions vary in their motives and their aims. Revolution dictionary meaning is ‘forcible overthrow of a government or social order, in favor of the new system.

A very important change in the way that people do things that may be a sudden and great change.

Revolution in India and Their Father

Table of Contents

S.NoRevolution NameRelated ProductFather of Revolution
1Black revolutionCrude oil, Petrol ProductionUnknown
2Blue revolutionFish and Aqua ProductionDr. Arun krishnan.
3Brown revolutionLeather, Cocoa ProductionUnknown
5Golden fiber revolution Jute ProductionUnknown
6Golden revolution Fruits, Honey, Horticulture ProductionNirpakh tutej.
7Green revolution Agriculture ProductionNorman borlong
8Green Gold Revolution Promotion and trade of BambooUnknown
9Gray revolutionFertilizersUnknown
10Pink revolutionOnions, Pharmaceuticals, Prawns ProductionDurgesh Patel.
11Red revolutionMeat, Tomoto Production Visual tewari.
12Evergreen revolutionIntended for overall agriculture production growthStarted in 11th 5 year plan.
13Round revolutionPotato ProductionUnknown
14Silver fiber revolutionCottonUnknown
15Silver revolutionEggs/Poultry ProductionIndira Gandhi.
16White revolutionMilk/Dairy Production Verghese kurien.
17Yellow revolutionOil Seeds ProductionSam Pitroda
18Protein revolution Higher production (2nd green revolution) Unknown

Revolutions of India Quiz

Rajashekar KankanalaRajashekarKankanala
Tuts Raja
NTR Colony
Hyderabad,Telangana,500087India
9110760272
http://www.tutsraja.com/

14 November, 2019

Country Capital of the World

Country Capital and Currency

Earth is a planet. Human lives on earth. Earth land area is divided into 7 continents. The continents are North America, South America, Antarctica, Europe, Asia, Africa and Australia. Asia is the largest continent by area and population in the word.

Antarctica is the least populated continent in the world. We explained briefly every continent well. We provided a list of countries, capital, currency, and language for every continent.

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1. Asia:

Asia is the most populated continent in the world. The 60% of the total population lives here. It has 50 countries. It is the largest continent in the world. Asia connected to Europe in the west. Europe and Asia together are called as Eurasia.

Asia continent covers an area 44, 579, 00 square kilometers. It is about 30% of earth total land area and 8.7% of the earth surface area.

Country Capital of Asia

S.NoCountryCapitalCurrencyLanguage
1AfghanistanKabulAfghaniDari Persian, Pashto
2ArmeniaYerevanDramArmenian
3AzerbaijanBakuManatAzerbaijani
4Bahrain ManamaBahraini DinarArabic
5Bangladesh DhakaTakaBangla
6Bhutan ThimphuNgultrumDzongkha
7BruneiBandar Seri BegawanBrunei DollarMalay
8CambodiaPhnom PenhRielKhmer
9ChinaBeijingChinese Yuan Mandarin
10PhilippinesManilaPhillipine PesoFilipino, English
11GeorgiaTbilisiLariGeorgian
12IndiaNew DelhiIndian Rupee Hindi, English
13IndonesiaJakartaRupiahIndonesian
14IranTehranRialPersian
15IraqBaghdadIraqi Dinar Arabic, Kurdish
16IsraelJerusalemShekelHebrew, Arabic
17JapanTokyoYenJapanese
18JordanAmmanJordanian DinarArabic
19KazakhstanAstanaTengeKazakh, Russian
20KuwaitKuwait City Kuwaiti Dollar Arabic, English
21KyrgyzstanBishkekSomKyrgyz, Russian
22LaosVientianeKipLao (Laotian)
23LebanonBeirutLebanese Pound Arabic, French
24MalaysiaKuala LumpurRinggitMalay
25MaldivesMale Maldivian RufiyaaDhivehi
26MongoliaUlaanbaatarTogrogMongolian
27Myanmar (Burma) NypyidawKyat Burmese
28NepalKathmanduNepalese Rupee Nepali
29North KoreaPyongyangNorth Korean WonKorean
30OmanMuscatOmani RialArabic
31PakistanIslamabadPakistani Rupee Urdu, English
32Philippines ManilaPhilippine peso ‎Filipino
33QatarDohaQatari Riyal Arabic
34RussiaMoscowRubleRussian
35saudi arabia RiyadhSaudi riyalArabic
36singapore SingaporeDollarEnglish, Malay
37South KoreaSeoulSouth Korean Won Korean
38Sri LankaColomboSri Lankan rupee Sinhala
39syriaDamascusSyrian pound Arabic
40taiwanTaipeiTaiwan Dollar Mandarin Chinese
41TajikistanDushanbeTajikistani somoni Tajiki
42thailandBangkokThai baht Central Thai
43East Timor (Timor-Leste)DilliUnited States Dollar Tetum, Portuguese,Iindonesian
44turkeyAnkaraTurkish lira Turkish
45turkmenistanAshgabatTurkmenistan Turkmen
46United Arab EmiratesAbu DhabiUnited Arab Emirates dirhamArabic
47uzbekistanTashkentUzbekistani soʻmUzbek
48vietnamHanoiVietnamese dongVietnamese
49yemenSana'aYemeni RialArabic

2. Europe:

It is the economically developed continent with the European Union. It has 51 countries. It covers an area of 10,180,000 square kilometers. It is 2% of the earth’s surface area and 6.8% of land area.

Country Capital of Europe

S.NoCountryCapitalCurrencyLanguage
1AustriaViennaEuroGerman
2Belgium Brussels Euro Dutch, French, German
3Bulgaria SofiaLevBulgarian
4CroatiaZagrebCroatianKuna
5CyprusNicosiaEuroGreek, Turkish
6Czech RepublicPragueCzech KorunaCzech, Slovak
7Denmark CopenhagenDanish KroneDanish
8EstoniaTallinnEstonian Kroon, Euro Estonian
9FinlandHelsinkiEuroFinnish, Swedish
10FranceParisEuro, CFP Franc French
11GermanyBerlinEuroGerman
12Greece AthensEuroGreek
13HungaryBudapestForintHungarian
14Republic of IrelandDublinEuroEnglish, Irish
15ItalyRomeEuroItalian
16LatviaRigaLatsLatvian
17LithuaniaVilniusLithuanian Litas Lithuanian
18LuxembourgLuxembourgEuroGerman, French,Luxembourgish
19MaltaVallettaEuroMaltese, English
20NetherlandsAmsterdam, The Hague EuroDutch
21PolandWarsawZlotyPolish
22PortugalLisbonEuroPortuguese
23 Romania BucharestRomanian RupeeRomanian
24SlovakiaBratislavaEuroSlovak
25sloveniaLjubljanaEuroSlovenian
26spainMadridEuroSpanish
27swedenStockholmSwedish kronaSwedish
28United KingdomLondonPound sterlingEnglish
29MontenegroPodgoricaEuroMontenegrin
30NorwayOsloNorwegian Krone Norwegian
31MoldovaChisinauMoldovan LeuMoldovan (Romanian)
32MonacoMonacoEuroFrench, Italian, English
33LiechtensteinVaduzSwiss FrancGerman
34MacedoniaSkopjeMacedonian Denar Macedonian
35KosovoPristinaEuroAlbanian, Serbian
36IcelandReykjavikIcelandic KronaIcelandic
37BelarusMinskBelarusian RubleBelarusian, Russian
38Bosnia and Herzegovina SarajevoConvertible MarkBosnian, Croatian, Serbian
39AlbaniaTiraneLekAlbanian
40AndorraAndorra la VellaEuroCatalan

3. Africa:

Africa is the second largest continent in the world after Asia. It has 54 countries. It covers 20.4% of its total land area and 6% of earth’s total surface area. The world largest desert located in the Africa and it covers 25% of the Africa continent.

Country Capital of Africa

S.NoCountryCapitalCurrencyLanguage
1AlgeriaAlgiersAlgerian DinarArabic, Tamazight, French
2AngolaLuandaKwanzaPortuguese
3Benin Porto-Novo West African CFA FrancFrench
4BotswanaGaboronePulaEnglish, Tswana
5Burkina Faso OuagadougouWest African CFA FrancFrench
6BurundiBujumburaBurundi Franc Kirundi, French
7cabo verdePraiaCape Verdean escudo Portuguese
8CameroonYaoundeCentral African CFA FrancFrench, English
9Central African RepublicBanguiCentral African CFA FrancSango, French
10ChadN'Djamena Central African CFA Franc French, Arabic
11 Comoros Moron Comorian FrancComorian, Arabic, French
12Democratic Republic Of the Congo KinshasaCongolese Franc French
13Republic of the CongoBrazzavilleCentral African CFA FrancFrench
14Djibouti Djibouti Djiboutian FrancArabic, French
15EgyptCairoEgyptian PoundArabic
16equatorial guineaMalaboCentral African CFA francSpanish
17EritreaAsmaraNakfaArabic, Tigrinya, English
18EthiopiaAddis Ababa BirrAmharic
19GabonLibrevilleCentral African CFA FrancFrench
20The GambiaBanjulDalasiEnglish
21GhanaAccraGhanaian CediEnglish
22GuineaConakryGuinean Franc French
23Guinea-Bissau BissauWest African CFA Franc Portuguese
24KenyaNairobiKenyan Shilling Swahili, English
25LesothoMaseruLotiSesotho, English
26LiberiaMonroviaLiberian DollarEnglish
27LibyaTripoliLibyan Dinar Arabic
28MadagascarAntananarivoMalagasy AriaryMalagasy, French, English
29MalawiLilongweMalawi Kwacha English
30MaliBamakoWest African CFA FrancFrench
31MauritaniaNouakchottOuguiyaArabic
32MauritiusPort Louis Mauritian Rupee English
33MoroccoRabatMoroccan DirhamArabic
34MozambiqueMaputoMozambican MeticalPortuguese
35NamibiaWindhoekNamibian DollarEnglish, Afrikaans, German
36NigerNiameyWest African CFA Franc French
37NigeriaAbujaNairaEnglish
38RwandaKigaliRwandan FrancKinyarwanda, French, English
39senegalDakarCFA FrancFrench
40seychellesVictoriaSeychellois rupeeEnglish and French
41sierra leoneFreetownSierra Leonean leoneEnglish
42somaliaMogadishuSomali shillingSomali, Arabic
43south africaCape TownSouth African randAfrikaans
44south sudanJubaSouth Sudanese poundEnglish
45sudanKhartoumSudanese poundSudanese Arabic
46swazilandMbabaneSwazi lilangeniEnglish
47tanzaniaDodomaTanzanian shillingSwahili
48togoLoméCFA francFrench
49tunisiaTunisTunisian dinarArabic
50ugandaKampalaUgandan shillingSwahili,English
51zambia LusakaZambian KwachaEnglish
52zimbabwe HarareUS DollarEnglish, Shona
53Equatorial GuineaMalaboCentral African CFA FrancSpanish, French, Portuguese
54Cape VerdePraia Cape Verdean EscudoPortuguese
55Cote d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast) Yamoussoukro, AbidjanWest African CFA FrancFrench

4. Australia:

Australia is the least populated continent after Antarctica. It has 14 countries. It covers 0.3% of the total earth’s population lives here.

Country Capital of Australia

S.NoCountryCapitalCurrencyLanguage
1AustraliaCanberra Australian Dollar English
2FijiSuvaFijian DollarEnglish, Bau Fijian, Hindi
3KiribatiTarawa AtollKiribati DollarEnglish, Gilbertese
4Marshall Islands MajuroUnited States Dollar Marshallese, English
5Federal States of Micronesia PalikirUnited States DollarEnglish
6NauruYarenAustralian DollarEnglish, Nauran
7New Zealand WellingtonNew Zealand DollarEnglish
8PalauMelekeokUnited States DollarEnglish, Palauan
9papua new guineaPort MoresbyPapua New Guinean kinaTok Pisin, English, Hiri Motu
10samoaApiaSamoan tālāSamoan, English
11solomon islandsHoniaraSolomon Islands dollarEnglish
12TongaNukuʻalofaTongan paʻangaTongan
13Papua New GuineaPort Moresby PapaPapa New Guinean KinaEnglish, Tok Pisin,Hiri Motu

5. North America:

North America is the third largest continent by area. It has 23 countries. It is the fourth populated continent in the world. It covers an area of 24,709,000 square kilometers and it is about 16.5% of the earth’s land area and 4.8% of its total surface. The USA is the largest economy in the world.

Country Capital of North America

S.NoCountryCapitalCurrencyLanguage
1 Antigua and Barbuda Saint John's East Caribbean DollarEnglish
2The Bahamas NassauBahamian DollarEnglish
3Barbados BridgetownBarbadian Dollar English
4Belize BelmopanBelize Dollar English
5CanadaOttawaCanadian Dollar English, French
6Costa RicaSan JoseColonSpanish
7El SalvadorSan SalvadorUnited States Dollar Spanish
8GrenadaSt. George'sEast Caribbean Dollar English, Patois
9GuatemalaGuatemala CityQuetzalSpanish
10HaitiPort-au-PrinceGourdeHaitian Creole, French
11HondurasTegucigalpaLempiraSpanish
12JamaicaKingstonJamaican Dollar English
13MexicoMexico CityMexican PesoSpanish
14NicaraguaManaguaCordobaSpanish
15PanamaPanama City BalboaSpanish
16CubaHavanaCuban PesoSpanish
17DominicaRosesau East Caribbean Dollar English, French,Antillean Creole
18Dominican RepublicSanto DomingoDominican PesoSpanish

6. South America:

South America considered a subcontinent of the America. It is the fourth largest continent by area. It is the fifth populated continent in the world. It covers an area 17,840,000 square kilometers. The largest forest located in South America that is Amazon. Forest covers 30% of the South America total area.

Country Capital of South America

S.NoCountryCapitalCurrencyLanguage
1ArgentinaBuenos Aires Argentine Peso Spanish
2BoliviaLa Paz, Sucre BolivianoSpanish, Quechua, Aymara
3BrazilBrasiliaRealPortuguese
4ChileSantiagoChilean PesoSpanish
5ColombiaBogotaColombian PesoSpanish
6EcuadorQuitoUnited States Dollar Spanish
7GuyanaGeorgetownGuyanese Dollar English
8ParaguayAsuncionGuaraniSpanish, Guarani
9PeruLimaNuevo Sol Spanish

Key Points:

  • Which country capital is new york? The capital of New York is Albany.
  • Which country capital is Singapore? Singapore is the capital of Republic of Singapore.
  • Which country capital is London? London is the capital of the United Kingdom.
  • Switzerland capital and currency. The capital city is Bern and the currency is the Swiss Franc.
  • Capital and currency of Myanmar. The capital is Naypyitaw and the currency is Burmese kyat.

Country Capital Currency Quiz

Rajashekar KankanalaRajashekarKankanala
Tuts Raja
NTR Colony
Hyderabad,Telangana,500087India
9110760272
http://www.tutsraja.com/

03 November, 2019

List of Awards in India

List of National Awards

An award is a prize or certificate that a person is given for doing something well in any field. Awards are different types, depends on the field of work.

The award was given for outstanding contribution towards in the field of arts, literature, science and public service. Let's See list of awards.

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I. Civilian Awards

The civilian awards are to be instituted irrespective of any distinction of race, occupation, caste, position, or gender.

The most important civilian awards in India are Bharata Ratna, Padma Vibhushan, padma Bhushan, Padma Shri.

Civilian Awards

S.NoAwardField of Contribution
1.Bharat RatnaArts, Literature, Science and Public Services
2.Sardar Patel National Unity AwardHighest civilian award of the country equal to Bharat Ratna.
A) Padma Awards
1.Padma VibhushanExceptional and distinguished service.
2.Padma BhushanDistinguished service of a high order.
3.Padma ShriExceptional and distinguished service in any field.

Read More About Civilian Awards

II. Militery Awards

Gallantry awards of India are known as Military awards. Military awards are given as a mark of honor for military outstanding service or achievement.

The decoration is often a medal consisting of a ribbon and a medallion awarded for extraordinary bravery and courage, as well as distinguished service during times of war and peace.

Militery Awards

S.NoAwardField of Contribution
A) Wartime Gallantry Awards:
1.Param Vir Chakra (PVC)Distinguished acts of valour during wartime.
2.Maha Vir ChakraActs of conspicuous gallantry in the presence of the enemy, whether on land, at sea or in the air.
3. Vir ChakraActs of gallantry in the presence of the enemy on the battlefield
B) Peacetime Gallantry Awards:
1.Ashok ChakraValour, courageous action or self-sacrifice away from the battlefield.
2.Kirti ChakraAwarded for valour, courageous action or self-sacrifice away from the field of battle
3.Shaurya ChakraValour, courageous action or self-sacrifice while not engaged in direct action with the enemy.
C) Wartime/Peacetime Service Awards
1.Sena Medal/ Naw Sena Medal / Vayusena Medal It Is also a Wartime Gallantry Award
2.Param Vishist Seva MedalDistinguished service, to all ranks of the armed forces
3.Ati Vishist Seva MealDistinguished service of an exceptional order" to all ranks of the armed forces
4.Vishist Seva MedalDistinguished service of a high order" to all ranks of the Indian Armed forces.
D) Wartime Distinguished Service
1.Sarvottam Yudh Seva MedalWartime distinguished service
2.Uttam Yudh Seva MedalWartime distinguished service
3.Yudh Seva MedalWartime Distinguished Service
E) Awards For Women
1.Nari Shakti Puraskar ( For women)Highest civilian award for recognising service to the cause of women's empowerment in India
F) Awards For Children
1.National Child AwardActs of bravery.
2.National Bal Shree HonourBravery

III. Awards for Literature

A literary award presented in recognition of literary piece or body of work. It is normally presented to an author.

Literary awards are helpful for promoting literature and highlighting achievements in this field.

Awards for Literature

S.NoAwardField of Contribution
1.Jnanpith awardOutstanding contribution towards literature
2Sahitya Akademi AwardBooks in Indian Languages and English.
3Sahitya Akademi Fellowshipawarded for literary work in any of the 24 recognised languages
4.Saraswati SammanPoetry literary works in any 22 Indian language listed in Schedule VIII of the Constitution of India
5.Bhasha Samman Indian writers, who writes in regional languages, other than 24 national languages of India
6.Vyas SammanLiterature
7.Vachaspati SammanSanskrit Literature
8.Translation AwardsTranslation
9.Anand Coomarswamy Fellowshipsliterary works
10.Premchand FellowshipIt is given to "a person of eminence in the field of culture and literature
11.Moorti Devi AwardA literary and research organisation
12.Bihari PuraskarHindi and Rajasthani writers of Rajasthan

IV. Awards in Sports

Sports Awards are given for the excellence of the sportsperson in sports.

The major awards in the sports field of India are Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna, Arjuna Award, Dronacharya Award, Dhyan Chand Award.

Awards in Sports

S.NoAwardField of Contribution
1.Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna AwardSports person
2Arjuna AwardRecognize outstanding achievement in sports
3Dronacharya AwardEminent coaches
4.Dhyan Chand AwardVeteran sports persons
5.C. K. Nayudu AwardCK Nayudu Lifetime Achievement award
6.Karbir SammanLiterature (Madhya Pradesh)

V. Police awards

Police awards

The Police Medal awarded to members of law enforcement in India. It is a decoration award.

The major police madals are President's Police Medal, President's Fire Services Medal, President's Correctional Service Medal, President's Home Guards and Civil Defence Medal.

S.NoAwardField of Contribution
1.President's Police MedalGallantry
2.President's Fire Services MedalGallantry
3.President's Correctional Service MedalGallantry
4.President's Home Guards and Civil Defence MedalGallantry
5.Police MedalGallantry
6.Fire Services MedalGallantry
7.Correctional Service MedalGallantry
8.Home Guards and Civil Defence MedalGallantry
9.President's Police MedalDistinguished Service
10.President's Fire Services Medal Distinguished Service
11.President's Correctional Service MedalDistinguished Service
12.President's Home Guards and Civil DefenceDistinguished Service
13.Police MedalMeritorious Service
14.Fire Services MedalMeritorious Service
15.Correction Service MedalMeritorious Service
16.Home Guards and Civil Defence MedalMeritorious Service
17.President Tatrakshak Medal

VI. Bravery Awards

The Bravery Awards are given to the children below 16 years of age. Bravery awards for meritorious acts of bravery against all odds. The awards are given every year to the 25 Indian children.

Bravery Awards

S.NoAwardField of Contribution
1National Bravery AwardRecognition to the children who distinguish themselves by performing outstanding deeds of bravery and meritorious service
2Bharat AwardBravery Award
3Sanjay Chopra AwardGiven to a boy and a girl for acts of bravery
4Geeta Chopra AwardGiven to a boy and a girl for acts of bravery
5 Kritin Bhardwaj AwardSelf-sacrifice away from the battlefield
6Sarvottam Jeevan Raksha PadakAwarded to civilians to reward saving lives from drowning, fire, or mine accidents.
7Uttam Jeevan Raksha PadakIt is awarded for "courage and promptitude under circumstances of very great danger to the life of the rescue
8Jeevan Raksha PadakCourage and promptitude in saving life under circumstances of grave bodily injury to the rescuer

VII. Leadership awards

Leadership Awards are given for remarkable business leaders of innovative strategies and organizations committed to excellence, developing best practices.

Leadership awards

S.NoAwardField of Contribution
1.International Gandhi Peace PrizeSocial, Economic and Political revolution
2. Indira Gandhi Prizeawarded to individuals or organizations in recognition of their creative efforts towards promoting international peace, development.

VIII. Film awards

The film awards are given to persons, groups, organizations for recognizing achievement in cinema, usually award with various names.

The major film awards are the Dadasaheb Phalke Award, Sangeet-Natak Akademi Award, IIFA Awards, etc.

Film awards

S.NoAwardField of Contribution
1.Dadasaheb Phalke AwardCinema/Films
2.Sangeet-Natak Akademi AwardMusic, dance and Drama
3.IIFA Awards Excellence in cinematic achievements for Bollywood
4.Zee Cine AwardsExcellence in Hindi cinema - the democratic way
5.Filmfare AwardsExcellence in cinematic achievements in Hindi Film Industry
6.National Film AwardsBest of Indian cinema

IX. Science Awards

Science Award is the most prestigious national recognition by the Government of India for outstanding contribution to science. The primary criterion for the award is demonstrated and widely accepted excellence in science.

The award covers all areas of research in science including medicine, engineering, and agriculture.

Science and Technology

S.NoAwardField of Contribution
1Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar PrizeScience & Technology
2Dhanwantari AwardMedical Science
3Lal Bahadur Shastri National AwardPublic Administration, Academics and Management

X. Agriculture Awards

Agriculture Awards' given to honor and recognize the contributions made by the heroes in the field of Indian agriculture.

The Awards are given annually in different categories to those individuals and organizations, who have made outstanding contributions in their respective fields.

Agriculture Awards

S.NoAwardField of Contribution
A) ICAR awards to farmers
1Jagjivan Ram Innovative Farmer AwardThe country to encourage his achievement
2N.G. Ranga Farmer AwardDiversified Agriculture
3Haldhar Organic Farmer AwardOrganic Farmer
B) ICAR awards to the institutions
1Sardar Patel Outstanding ICAR Institution AwardOutstanding Performance
2Chaudhary Devi Lal Outstanding All India Coordinated Research Project AwardCoordinated Research Project
3Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyay Krishi Vigyan Protshahan PuraskarKrishi Vigyan
4Atal Bihari Vajpayee ICAR Challenge AwardChallenge
5Rafi Ahmed Kidwai AwardOutstanding Research in Agricultural Sciences
6Vasantrao Naik AwardOutstanding Research Application in Dry Land Farming Systems
7Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed AwardOutstanding Research in Tribal Farming Systems
C) Crystal National Agri Awards - 12 awards for farmers
D) Mahindra Samriddhi India Agri Awards
1Krishak Samrat SammanFarmer of the year – Male
2Krishi Prerna SammanFarmer of the year – Female
3Krishi Yuva Samman Farmer of the year – Youth
4Krishi Samrat SammanKrishi Samrat
5Krishi Shiksha SammanAgricultural University in India
6Krishi Vigyan Kendra Samman
7Krishi Sahyog SammanKrishi Sahyog
E) Udyan Pandit Award given for excellence in the cultivation of fruits grown in India
F) Agriculture Leadership Awards
1Best Fisheries State AwardFisheries
2International Leadership AwardLeadership
3Life Time Achievement Award etc.Achievement
G) Borlaug Award
H) Awards by State Governments
1PunjabHero of the Farmers
2West BengalKrishak Sanman Puraskar, Krishi Ratna, Krishi Rabi Award
3BiharBest Progressive Farmer, Green Lady Award
4JharkhandBest SRI farmer Award, Sarwashreshth Krishak Puruskar
5Andaman and Nicobar IslandsIsland’s Best Farmer Award, Lt Governor’s Commendation Certificate

XI. Journalism Awards in India

Journalism Awards are given to recognize courage and commitment and showcase the outstanding contributions of journalists from across the country.

RNG awards are one of the most prestigious awards in India in the field of journalism.

Journalism Awards in India

S.NoAwardField of Contribution
1Ramnath Goenka ExcellenceTo recognise courage and commitment and showcase the outstanding contributions of journalists from across the country

Important Key Points

  • The bharat ratna is the highest civilian award in india.
  • The sardar patel national unity award is one of the highest civilian awards of the country equal to bharat ratna.
  • Padma awards are given exceptional and distinguished service in any field.
  • Gallantry awards are given for the brave and gallant people etc.
  • Param vir chakra is the highest military award, equivalent to the Victoria Cross
  • Ashoka Chakra award is the peacetime equivalent of the Param Vir Chakra award.
  • The highest literary award in india is Jnanpith award.
  • National film awards india official website
  • Who presents national film awards in india ? and who gives national film awards in india ? . National Film Awards are two types Feature Films and Non-Feature Films. Dadasaheb Phalke award, are presented by the President of India
  • Who got national awards in india ? , who got most national award in india ? and who got more national awards in india ?. Satyajit Ray got 32 national awards in various categories. Shabana Azmi got 5 National Film Awards, Kamal Haasan got 4 National Film Awards etc.
  • Who gives national awards in india ? . President of India presents the awards.
  • What is national award in india ? The award is given for national service.

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Tuts Raja
NTR Colony
Hyderabad,Telangana,500087India
9110760272
http://www.tutsraja.com/

31 October, 2019

Thermal Power Plants in India

Thermal Power Plants

More than 65 percent of India's electricity generation capacity comes from thermal power plants. 85 percent of the country's thermal power generation based on coal.

A thermal power plant is mostly a steam-driven power plant. The turbines spin by force using an electric generator or using any other power. India is consuming 70% of the electricity comes from thermal power plants.

Key Points:

  • India's biggest power source is thermal power.
  • More than 70% of the thermal energy consumed in India.

Here we have given top 10 thermal power plants in india and location of thermal power plants in india, which is useful for candidates preparing for IBPS SBI PO Clerk Bank exams, SSC, Railway, etc.

1. Vindhyachal Super Thermal Power Station:

Vindhyachal Super Thermal Power Station

It is the first thermal power plant in india. Vindhyachal thermal power station operated by NTPC. It is located in Madhya Pradesh, Singrauli district.

Vindyachal power plant is the coal-based thermal power plant in India. The power plant capacity is 4760MW. It is the largest thermal power plants in india.

Key Points:

  • Operator: NTPC
  • Location: Vindhya Nagar, Singrauli, Madhya Pradesh
  • Operational Units: 7 × 500 MW, 6 × 210 MW
  • Capacity (MW): 4,760
  • Opened: 1987

2. Mundra Thermal Power Station:

Mundra Thermal Power Station

Mundra thermal power station operated by Adani power. It is located in Gujarat, Kutch district.

Mundra thermal power station is a coal-based power plant. The capacity of the power plant is 4,620MW. It is currently the second biggest operating thermal power plant in India.

Key Points:

  • Operator: Adani Power
  • Location: Mundra, Kutch, Gujarat
  • Capacity : 4,620MW
  • Operational Units: 5 × 660 MW, 4 × 330 MW
  • Opened: 2008

3. Mundra Ultra Mega Power Project:

Mundra Ultra Mega Power Project

Mundra Ultra Mega Power Plant (UMPP) is operated by Coastal Gujarat Power Limited (CGPL), a subsidiary of Tata Power. It is located in Gujarat, Kutch district.

The capacity of the Mundra ultra mega power project is 4,000MW. It is a coal-fired power plant. It is the third-largest thermal power plant in India.

Key Points:

  • Operator: Tata Power
  • Location: Mundra, Kutch, Gujarat
  • Capacity (MW): 4,000
  • Operational Units:: 5 × 800 MW
  • Opened: 2012

4. KSK Mahanadi Power Project:

KSK Mahanadi Power Project

KSK Mahanadi power project operated by KSK Energy Ventures Limited. It is located at Nariyara village in Akaltara tehsil of Janjgir-Champa district in the Indian state of Chhattisgarh.

KSK Mahanadi power project capacity is 3600 MW. It is a coal-fired power plant.

Key Points:

  • Operator: KSK Energy Ventures Limited
  • Location: Nariyara, Janjgir–Champa district, Chhattisgarh
  • Capacity (MW): 3,600
  • Operational Units::6×600 MW
  • Opened: 2014

5. Jindal Megha Power Plant:

Jindal Megha Power Plant

Jindal Megha power plant operated by Jindal Power Limited. The power plant is which is a subsidiary of Jindal Steel and Power. It is located in Tamnar village near Raigarh town in Raigarh district in the Indian state of Chhattisgarh.

Jindal Megha power plant capacity is 3400MW. It is a coal-based thermal power plant. The coal for the plant is sourced from the captive coal mine.

Key Points:

  • Operator: Jindal
  • Location: Tamnar, Raigarh, Chhattisgarh
  • Capacity (MW): 3,400
  • Operational Units::4×250 MW
  • Opened: 2007

6. Tiroda Thermal Power Station:

Tiroda Thermal Power Station

The Tiroda thermal power plant operated by adani power Maharashtra. It is located in Tirora, Gondia, Maharashtra.

The Capacity of Tiroda thermal power plant is a 3,300MW. It is a coal-based power generation plant.

Key Points:

  • Operator: Adani Power
  • Location: Tirora, Gondia, Maharashtra
  • Capacity (MW): 3,300
  • Operational Units:: 5x660 MW
  • Opened: 2009

7. Barh Super Thermal Power Station:

Barh Super Thermal Power Station

Barh super thermal power station operated by NTPC. It is located in India's Bihar state, Patna, Barh.

The capacity of barh super thermal power station is 3300. It is coal-based power plant.

Key Points:

  • Operator: NTPC
  • Location: Barh, Patna, Bihar
  • Capacity (MW): 3,300
  • Operational Units: 2 X 660 MW 3 X 660 MW
  • Opened: 1999

8. Talcher Super Thermal Power Station:

Talcher Super Thermal Power Station

The talcher super thermal power station operated by NTPC. It is located in the Angul district of Odisha.

The capacity of talcher super thermal power station is a 3,000MW. It coal-fired power plant. It is also known as NTPC Talcher Kaniha.

Key Points:

  • Operator: NTPC
  • Location: Kaniha, Angul, Odisha
  • Capacity (MW): 3,000
  • Operational Units: ‎6 × 500 MW
  • opened:1995

9. Sipat Thermal Power Plant:

Sipat Thermal Power Plant

Sipat super thermal power plant operated by NTPC. It is located in Sipat, Bilaspur district, Chhattisgarh.

Sipat super thermal power plant capacity is 2,980MW. It ranks as the eighth-largest thermal power station in India. It is a coal-based power plant.

Key Points:

  • Operator: NTPC
  • Location: Sipat, Bilby NTPC, Operataspur, Chhattisgarh
  • Capacity (MW): 2,980
  • Operational Units: 3x 660 MW, 2x500
  • Opened: 2013

10. NTPC Dadri:

NTPC Dadri

National capital power station operated by NTPC. It is located in Gautam Budh Nagar district of Uttar Pradesh.

The capacity of the national capital power station is 2637MW. It is a coal & gas-fired thermal power plant.

Key Points:

  • Operated: NTPC
  • Location‎: ‎Gautam Budh Nagar district, Uttar Pradesh
  • Capacity: 2,637 MW
  • Operational Units: ‎1820 MW Coal & 817 MW Gas
  • Opened‎: ‎1991

Credit:Different Sources

Rajashekar KankanalaRajashekarKankanala
Tuts Raja
NTR Colony
Hyderabad,Telangana,500087India
9110760272
http://www.tutsraja.com/

05 October, 2019

Biggest Cricket Stadiums in the World

Cricket Stadiums

A cricket field is a large place on which the game of cricket is played. It is oval in shape. There are no fixed dimensions for the cricket ground. It usually diameter varies between 450 feet and 500 feet.

There are many varieties of cricket grounds. Some grounds are almost perfect circles, some elongated ovals and some entirely irregular shapes but they will have entirely curved boundaries.

Cricket Stadiums in the World

S.NoStadiumLocationSportCapacity
Stadiums in Sri Lanka
1R.Premadasa StadiumColomboCricket35000
2Galle International StadiumGalleCricket35,000
3Pallekele International Cricket StadiumPallekeleCricket35000
4Mahinda Rajapaksa International StadiumHambantotaCricket34,300
5Rangiri Dambulla International StadiumDambullaCricket16,800
6Tyronne Fernando StadiumMoratuwaCricket16000
7P. Sara OvalColomboCricket15000
8Sinhalese Sports Club GroundColomboCricket10000
9Asgiriya StadiumKandyCricket10,000
10Colombo Cricket Club GroundColomboCricket6000
Stadiums in Bangladesh
1Sher-e-Bangla National Cricket Stadium DhakaCricket25,416
2Khan Shaheb Osman Ali StadiumFatullahCricket25,000
3Chittagong StadiumChittagongCricket22,000
4Sylhet International Cricket StadiumSylhetCricket18,500
5Zohur Ahmed Chowdhury StadiumPahartaliCricket18,148
6Sheikh Abu Naser StadiumKhulnaCricket15,000
Stadiums in Pakistan
1Jinnah Stadium, Gujranwala PunjabCricket40,000
2Jinnah Stadium Sialkot PunjabCricket40,000
3Multan Cricket Stadium PunjabCricket35,000
4Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium PunjabCricket28,000
5Gaddafi StadiumLahoreCricket27,000
6Arbab Niaz StadiumPeshawarCricket20,000
7Sargodha Cricket Stadium PunjabCricket20,000
8Ibn-e-Qasim Bagh StadiumPunjabCricket18,000
9Iqbal StadiumPunjabCricket18,000
10Bahawal StadiumPunjabCricket15000
Stadiums in Australia
1Melbourne Cricket GroundMelbourneCricket1,00,024
2Adelaide OvalAdelaideCricket53,500
3Sydney Cricket GroundSydneyCricket46,000
4The GabbaWoolloongabbaCricket42,000
5W.A.C.A. GroundPerthCricket24,500
6Manuka OvalCanberraCricket16,000
7Marrara Cricket GroundDarwinCricket‎12,500
8Cricket VictoriaSt Kilda VICCricket7,000
Stadiums in New Zealand
1McLean ParkNapierCricket19,700
2Basin ReserveWellingtonCricket11,600
3Hagley OvalChristchurchCricket8,000
4Saxton OvalNelsonCricket6,000
Stadiums in England
1Lord's Cricket GroundUKCricket30,000
2The Brit OvalLondonCricket ‎25,500
3edgbaston birmingham cricket groundBirminghamCricket25,000
4The OvalKenningtonCricket23,500
5Yorkshire Cricket GroundLeedsCricket18,350
6Bristol County GroundBristolCricket17,500
7Ageas BowlHampshireCricket16,500
4Sophia Gardens-Cardiff Cricket15,643
7Trent BridgeWest BridgfordCricket17,500
Stadiums in South Africa
1Kingsmead Cricket GroundDurbanCricket25,500
2Imperial Wanderers StadiumSandtonCricket34,000
3De Beers Diamond OvalPretoriaCricket22,000
4Centurion Supersport ParkPretoriaCricket22,000
Stadiums in West Indies
1Kensington Oval BarbadosBarbadosCricket28,000
2Bourda Cricket GroundGuyanaCricket25,000
3Sabina Park KingstonJamaicaCricket15,600
4Queen's Park OvalTrinidad & TobagoCricket 20,000
5Darren Sammy Cricket GroundSt LuciaCricket15,000
6Providence StadiumJamaicaCricket15,000
7Guyana Cricket Stadium GeorgetownGuyanaCricket15,000
8Antigua Recreation GroundAntigua & BarbudaCricket12,000
Stadiums in Zimbabwe
1Queens Sports ClubBulawayoCricket12,497
2Bulawayo Athletic ClubBulawayoCricket12,000
3Harare Sports ClubZimbabweCricket10,000
Stadiums in United Arab Emirates
1Dubai International StadiumDubaiCricket25,000
2Sheikh Zayed StadiumAbu DhabiCricket20,000
3Sharjah Cricket StadiumSharjahCricket17,000
Stadiums in India
1Rajiv Gandhi International Cricket StadiumJalandharCricket 55,000
2Sardar Vallabhai Patel Motera StadiumAhmedabadCricket 54,000
3MA Chidambaram StadiumChennaiCricket50,000
4Vidarbha Cricket Association StadiumNagpurCricket45,000
5Arun Jaitley StadiumDelhiCricket41,820
6Barkatullah Khan StadiumJodhpurCricket40,000
7M.Chinnaswamy StadiumBangaloreCricket40,000
8Wankhede StadiumMumbaiCricket33,108
9Green Park StadiumKanpurCricket32,000
10Sawai Mansingh StadiumJaipurCricket30,000

Key Points:

  • The biggest cricket stadium in the world is Melbourne Cricket Ground with a total capacity of 100,024.
  • The largest cricket stadium in the world and largest cricket stadium in the world by size is also Melbourne Cricket Ground.
  • The highest cricket grounds in the world is Chail Cricket ground. The ground is located at an altitude of 2,444 meters.
  • Top 10 cricket stadiums in the world are Melbourne Cricket Ground, Eden Gardens, Shaheed Veer Narayan Singh International Cricket Stadium, Rajiv Gandhi International Cricket Stadium, Greenfield International Stadium, Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium. DY Patil Sports Stadium, Adelaide Oval, Ekana International Cricket Stadium, Docklands Stadium.
  • The smallest cricket stadium in the world by boundary is Feroz Shah Kotla Ground located in Delhi. It is the smallest international cricket ground as per size.
  • Top 5 cricket stadiums in the world are Melbourne Cricket Ground, Eden Gardens, Rajiv Gandhi International Cricket StadiumShaheed Veer Narayan Singh International Cricket Stadium, Greenfield International Stadium.
  • Covered cricket stadium in the world is Docklands Stadium located in Australia.
  • Which are the best cricket stadium in the world, most beautiful cricket stadiums in the world, and the most popular cricket stadium in the world? 1. Lord's Cricket Stadium, London, 2. Queenstown Event Centre, New Zealand. 3.Himachal Pradesh Cricket Association Stadium, Dharamshala, India. 4. Melbourne Cricket Ground, Australia. 5. Pukekura Park Cricket Stadium, New Zealand. 6. Eden Gardens, Kolkata, India. 7. Galle International Stadium, Sri Lanka.
  • Upcoming cricket stadiums in the world are 1. Gwalior International Cricket Stadium, India (Capacity - 60000), 2. Purbachal International Cricket Stadium, Bangladesh (Capacity - 70000).
  • Which is the first cricket stadium in the world? The first officially recognized cricket ground in the world was the Melbourne Cricket Ground located in Melbourne, Victoria in Australia.
  • The second-largest cricket stadium in the world is Eden Gardens located in India.

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